Waiters in face masks served coffees and “bocadillo” sandwiches at cafe terraces in Seville on Monday as parts of Spain eased restrictions amid a slowing coronavirus epidemic that saw the number of new fatalities drop to a near two-month low.
“I’m very happy, I really wanted to work. We’ve been shut for two months now,” Marta Contreras, a waitress in central Seville, said, smiling from behind her mask.
About half of Spain’s 47 million people progressed to the so-called Phase 1 of a four-step plan to relax one of Europe’s strictest lockdowns on Monday after the government decided that the regions in which they live met the necessary criteria.
About 40 percent of Spain’s total small businesses and 60 percent in areas under Phase 1 have reopened, according to the National Federation of Autonomous Workers trade union. In the hospitality industry, just up to 20 percent of businesses have reopened across Spain.
Cities such as Madrid and Barcelona, which have been particularly hard hit by the epidemic, have been left behind for now and cafes remained shuttered in the normally packed Plaza Mayor and Puerta del Sol squares in the capital, causing unease among some Madrilenos.
“They should let our hand loose a bit to reactivate the economy, carefully and with precaution … Because the effect this may have on the economy and regular people can be devastating, in fact, it has been already,” said Miguel Angel, a 59-year-old Madrid lawyer.
Health ministry data showed the daily death toll dropping to 123 on Monday from Sunday’s 143, bringing the total number of fatalities from the pandemic to 26,744 in one of the world’s worst-affected countries. The daily number, a seven week-low, has come down from a record of 950 in early April.
Church services resumed with limited capacity and chairs, rather than pews, were spaced out inside for the faithful to preserve a two-metre distance.
Under the lockdown relaxation, up to 10 people can gather together, and people are allowed to move freely around their province.
Businesses were happy to resume work after the long paralysis, but many said they were still piling up losses.
“We are only able to open thanks to the owner of the premises who reduced our rent significantly and to the support of our staff who have renounced part of their wages in order to begin working,” said Jose Manuel, owner of a cafe in Seville.
Waiters rolled beer kegs and frequently disinfected tables as customers, few of them wearing masks, sipped their drinks.
Another cafe owner, Ramon, added: “The truth is it’s been quite a hard financial hit. We will see, we will overcome it little by little … I will not be profitable yet, but oh well, I run the business, so here I am.”
In regions that qualify, including most of Andalusia – Spain’s most populous – as well as the Canary and Balearic Islands, bars, restaurants, shops, museums, gyms and hotels were allowed to open, most at reduced capacity.
But Madrid, Barcelona and other cities including Valencia, Malaga and Granada will remain in Phase 0, much to the annoyance of regional governments struggling with the economic implications of a prolonged lockdown.
Fernando Simon, chief health emergency coordinator, called for caution to avoid a rebound of the outbreak.
“We are in a very positive situation, but it is a very delicate phase where if we don’t do things right we could end up in situations (of rebound) like those of South Korea or Germany.”