The United Kingdom has unveiled a negotiating mandate for talks with the European Union that puts it on a collision course with Brussels, saying it was ready to walk away if “good progress” was not made by June.
After leaving the EU last month, the UK has until the end of the year to negotiate a trade deal and agreements on everything from fishing to transport, to replace more than 40 years of closely aligned political and economic relations.
Having accepted that British businesses will encounter new “frictions” in trade with the bloc outside its single market and customs union, the government has made its stance clear – self-determination must trump economic concerns.
So if, by June, “good progress” has not been made on the UK’s demand for what it calls a “standard” free trade agreement or even on the “least controversial areas” of the talks, London said on Thursday it would focus on preparations for a sharp break with the EU.
“At the end of the transition period on the 31st of December, the United Kingdom will fully recover its economic and political independence,” cabinet office minister Michael Gove told Parliament as he unveiled the mandate.
“We want the best possible trading relationship with the EU, but in pursuit of a deal we will not trade away our sovereignty.”
Prime Minister Boris Johnson, the face of the UK’s campaign to leave the EU in 2016, pledged to get Brexit done at last year’s election and, after winning a large majority, has charged his negotiating team with the goal of “taking back control”.
After the mandate was launched, Johnson said he was “very optimistic” about the talks.
Both sides say they want a deal to be agreed before the deadline of December 31, 2020, so that trade can flow, albeit with some additional checks, and that arrangements on issues such as aviation can roll over seamlessly.
But with the two sides unable to agree on even the format of talks scheduled to begin on Monday, the negotiations look set to be a battle of wills.
Michel Barnier, the EU’s chief negotiator, said Brussels had taken “note” of the mandate. “We will stick to all our prior commitments in the political declaration,” he tweeted, referring to an outline agreement on future ties signed by both sides.
“We want an ambitious and fair partnership with the UK in the future.”
The UK’s main opposition Labour Party, locked in a leadership battle, described the government’s stance as “frankly underwhelming”, and the British Chambers of Commerce said companies were “impatient for negotiations to begin in earnest”.
“Businesses are pragmatic, but need the UK-EU negotiations to deliver clarity on the many practical, real-world details that will affect their day-to-day operations for years to come,” Adam Marshall, its director-general, said.
With a large majority in Parliament, Johnson and his team feel he has won public backing for a clean break in ties to restore what he calls British sovereignty. That is at odds with Brussels’ pursuit of a closer trading relationship.
At the heart of the conflict is the UK’s demand for a trade deal along the lines of one between the EU and Canada.
The EU has ruled that out, saying the UK, being a neighbour of the bloc, is a greater threat to the bloc’s market as it does more business than Canada. It fears the UK could undercut its market by lowering standards.
“Geography is no reason to undermine democracy,” Gove told Parliament. “To be clear, we will not be seeking to dynamically align with EU rules on EU terms governed by EU laws and EU institutions.”
This in effect ruled out a demand from the EU to adhere to its “level playing field” – shorthand for agreed baseline rules on environmental standards, labour regulations and state aid.
If a standard trade agreement is not on offer, the UK has said it will pursue what it calls a relationship similar to that established between the EU and Australia.
At the moment, much of EU-Australia trade runs along basic World Trade Organization default rules, though there are specific agreements for certain goods.
Other stumbling blocks include fishing.
The UK said that, as an independent coastal nation, it will not trade away its fishing rights. The UK is also demanding “legally binding” obligations on access to the EU market for its important financial services industry, something the EU says is not on the agenda.
“The (UK’s) logic is that, should the EU continue to play hardball, we are ready to sink. Together,” said an EU diplomat.