American Airlines and Southwest Airlines are rethinking the number of flights they had planned to add to their schedules for August and September as COVID-19 cases accelerated in the United States, passing four million on Thursday.
Both airlines had added capacity more aggressively than competitors Delta Air Lines and United Airlines when demand started to pick up in May and June, but now optimism has waned as some states scale back reopening plans and expand quarantines. Demand is not forecast to fully recover before a vaccine.
American, the world’s largest carrier, expects third-quarter capacity to be down about 60 percent from a year ago, lower than previously forecast, and is reviewing plans for the fourth quarter.
“We’ll add back only what makes sense,” American Chief Executive Doug Parker said on an investor call.
Shares in American rose 3 percent while Southwest stock was flat.
Southwest, which analysts have forecast to weather the coronavirus pandemic better than larger US carriers thanks to its domestic focus and lower-cost structure, said weakening revenues were increasing its daily cash burn rate to $18m in July from $16m in June.
Its average daily cash burn is seen stalling at $23m per day over the third quarter.
American, Delta and United each expect an improvement in their burn rates over the rest of the year, but say halting the cash bleed entirely will depend on demand.
American burned about $55m a day in the second quarter, which it ended with $10.2bn in liquidity.
Southwest had $15.5bn liquidity at the end of June.
Both airlines had warned of job reductions in the fall (autumn), though Southwest said it does not plan to pursue furloughs or layoffs this year thanks to strong employee take-up for extended leaves or early retirements that will generate $400m in cost savings in the fourth quarter.
US airlines received a $25bn government bailout to cover payroll through September, and unions are lobbying for a second package to help keep workers employed through March.
To reassure passengers on the safety of air travel during the pandemic, large US airlines have recently toughened their policies on face masks, with Southwest telling customers on Wednesday that if they cannot wear a mask for any reason, they should not fly. Only children under the age of two are exempt.
Southwest swung to a $1.5bn net loss, or $2.67 per share, in the second quarter, as total operating revenue fell 82.9 percent to $1.01bn.
At American, the net loss excluding items was $3.4 billion, or $7.82 per share, while operating revenue plunged 86.4 percent to $1.62bn.
Alaska Air Group, which reported a second-quarter net loss of $214m on Thursday, said it expected its capacity to be down about 35 percent in the fourth quarter, forcing it to cut about 7,000 of its 23,000 employees.
Meanwhile, budget carrier Spirit Airlines is scheduling big capacity adds in August and September, stoking analyst concerns of a price war given weakening demand and bookings.