Turkey would retaliate against what it called an unacceptable threat of sanctions by the United States over Ankara’s purchase of Russian S-400 missile defences, its foreign minister said on Monday, adding that he thinks President Donald Trump wants to avoid such measures.
Turkey began receiving deliveries of the surface-to-air S-400 systems earlier this month, prompting the US to begin removing the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ally from its F-35 stealth fighter programme over security concerns.
Washington says it is concerned that S-400 software will compromise its F-35s to the benefit of Russia. While several Republican and Democratic US lawmakers have pressed for sanctions, Trump has equivocated in recent days.
“If the United States portrays an adversarial attitude towards us, we will take retaliatory measures, as we’ve told them. This is not a threat or a bluff,” Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said in an interview with broadcaster TGRT Haber.
“We are not a country that will bow down to those who show animosity towards Turkey,” he said, reiterating a threat of retaliation that Turkey made last month.
Cavusoglu added that he did not expect the US administration to take such action.
“Trump does not want to impose sanctions on Turkey and he frequently says that his administration and the previous US administration is also responsible for Turkey not being able to buy Patriot systems. This is true,” Cavusoglu said.
The US announced last week that it was beginning the process of removing Turkey from the programme for the F-35 stealth jet, the most advanced aircraft in the US arsenal and the one is used by NATO and other partner countries.
Turkey, like some other NATO partners, was part of the manufacturing supply chain for the aircraft, producing some 900 parts. Turkish defence companies are thus set to lose work worth billions of dollars.
A US official said it would cost some $500m to $600m to shift F-35 manufacturing from Turkey elsewhere.
The delivery of S-400 components is ongoing, with 14 shipments of related equipment having landed in Turkey over the last nine days. Deliveries are set to continue through April 2020.
Separately, Sergei Chemezov, head of Russia’s Rostec state conglomerate, said that Russia and Turkey were in talks about the possibility of jointly manufacturing some components of the S-400 system in Turkey.
“Moscow and Ankara are holding consultations in the area of the licenced production of the S-400 air defence system parts,” Turkey’s state-run Anadolu news agency quoted Chemezov as saying.
“Besides, Turkey is interested in the latest Russian combat modules, air defence systems of various ranges, as well as anti-tank systems. Negotiations are under way for Russia to help the Republic of Turkey in creating its national air defence and long-range missile defence systems,” he said.
Chemezov added that Moscow was ready for various types of technological cooperation, including in such high-tech areas as the aerospace industry, helicopter construction and energy.