The Vatican’s financial regulator on Wednesday rejected a prosecutor’s accusations that it acted improperly over the purchase of a luxury building in London, raising the stakes in an awkward internal conflict for Pope Francis, the leader of the Roman Catholic Church.
A statement by the church’s Financial Information Authority (AIF) was the latest twist in a saga that has so far included an unprecedented police raid on two key departments, the suspension of five employees and the resignation of the Vatican’s longtime security chief and papal bodyguard.
In its first public comment since the raid on its offices on October 1, when police seized documents and computers, AIF said it had carried out an internal investigation and confirmed confidence in its director, Tommaso Di Ruzza, who was suspended after the raid.
“Neither the director nor any other employee of AIF improperly exercised his authority or engaged in any other wrongdoing,” AIF said.
Vatican prosecutor Gian Piero Milano is looking into possible crimes such as embezzlement, abuse of office, fraud, and money laundering connected to the purchase of the building by the Secretariat of State, according to people familiar with his search warrant. Those offices were also raided on October 1.
Milano will decide whether to continue the investigation and ask for indictments, or drop it.
The AIF statement suggested that it believed Milano overstepped his jurisdiction with the search warrant, which was issued based on complaints from the Vatican bank and the office of the auditor general. It said the AIF’s role in the deal was “properly institutional in nature and conducted in conformity with the AIF’s governing Statute”.
In 2014, the Vatican’s Secretariat of State, the nerve centre of the bureaucracy of the 1.3 billion-member Roman Catholic Church, spent about $200m for a minority stake in a complex plan to buy a building in London’s Chelsea district and convert it into luxury apartments, according to people familiar with the events.
In 2018, with London financial and real estate markets still rattled by the United Kingdom’s decision to leave the European Union, the Secretariat of State bought the rest of the stake and became the outright owner, but took on some debt to refinance.
Several Italian middlemen were involved in the operations, and the Italian magazine L’Espresso, which has published leaked documents, said they may have overcharged the Vatican.
This past June, the Secretariat of State, seeking to extinguish the mortgage, asked the Vatican bank – officially known as the Institute for Works of Religion (IOR) – for a bridge loan of 150 million euros ($167m) “for institutional reasons”, but the bank refused.
Vatican sources are concerned that the investigation and the police raids could harm an upcoming evaluation of the Vatican’s financial structures by MONEYVAL, a monitoring body of the Council of Europe.
In recent years MONEYVAL has given the AIF and Vatican financial reforms in general mostly positive evaluations. The next one is due in 2020.