France and other European countries have been looking to increase trade with Iran since Paris, Washington and other world powers agreed to lift most economic sanctions on Iran in exchange for limitations on Tehran’s nuclear programme.
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But President Trump on January 12 vowed to restore US sanctions unless France, Britain and Germany change the agreement to his liking. That has effectively put it on life support until mid-May.
“We are encouraging companies to keep doing business in Iran,” Joffrey Celestin-Urbain, director of bilateral relations at the finance ministry, told a Euromoney Iran conference, on Thursday.
“We are in limbo on the international scene. Nobody knows what will happen after May. This is the uncertainty our French companies are facing, and this is something you have to take for granted if you want to do business in Iran.”
France, which has had close business ties with Iran since before the fall of the Shah in 1979 and operates several large factories there including Renault and PSA plants, has sought to deepen trade ties since the sanctions were lifted in 2016.
French exports to Iran for the first 11 months of 2017 rose 120 percent to 1.29bn euros ($1.58bn), and imports grew 80 percent to 2.16bn euros, Celestin-Urbain said.
He said the short-term priority was to keep trade simple and complete a scheme this year to offer euro-denominated credits to Iranian buyers of French goods, a move that would keep bilateral trade outside the reach of US sanctions.
“There is barely any private financing channels from France to Iran, so it prompted us to step in. We are hoping to finalize soon,” Celestin-Urbain said.
Tehran has been hoping for swift reintegration into global trade after the deal was reached, but its failure to persuade Western banks to accept Iranian business has become a main choke point preventing its rehabilitation.
Reintegrating Iranian banks into the financial system would take time, and may require support from the Iranian government to help allay the cost to commercial banks of taking on added risk and performing additional checks.
“Unfortunately Iran’s banking system has yet to see full benefits under the deal,” Iran central bank chief Valiollah Seif said in a statement, read by his adviser Ahmad Azizi.
“Iran is watching to see if politics helps or hinders business.”