Saudi Arabia’s public prosecutor has charged a prominent economist who once criticised a government plan to privatise the kingdom’s oil company Aramco with treason, local media and activists say.
Accusations against the man, who was not identified by the media, include joining the banned Muslim Brotherhood group, communicating with neighbouring Qatar, as well as inciting protests and unrest in the kingdom.
The head of ALQST, a London-based Saudi rights group, confirmed to Al Jazeera the charges and revealed the identity of the businessman.
“They meant Essam al-Zamil,” Yahya Assiri, the head of ALQST and a close friend of al-Zamil, told Al Jazeera.
A Saudi government media office did not immediately respond to a request for comment when approached by Reuters news agency.
Al-Zamil has been in custody since September 2017, along with dozens of intellectuals and scholars, in a government crackdown on potential opponents of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, whose ambitious economic reform programme centred on selling up to five percent of the state-owned oil giant, Aramco, Reuters reported.
In a series of social media posts before his arrest, al-Zamil said the $2 trillion valuation for Aramco suggested by bin Salman would require the authorities to include the company’s oil reserves in the sale.
Saudi press reports that #EssamAlZamel @essamz has been charged with treason and collaborating with diplomats and other foreigners against the country. It should be noted that al-Zamel was arrested after criticizing the Saudi government's planned partial privatization of ARAMCO. https://t.co/JJK58ZBr8m
— القسط لحقوق الإنسان (@ALQST_ORG) October 1, 2018
Reuters reported in August that the government had called off the IPO plans and disbanded the team of financial advisers working on what had been billed as the biggest stock flotation in history.
Saudi billionaire businessman Prince Alwaleed bin Talal was among those arrested. He was released after more than two months of detention on allegations of corruption.
The charges against al-Zamil, according to Saudi Arabia’s leading daily Okaz, include giving foreign diplomats “information and analysis about the kingdom” without informing the authorities or obtaining permission.
The charge of communicating with “an element of the Qatari regime” comes amid an ongoing diplomatic crisis in the region.
In recent months, authorities have arrested more than a dozen women’s rights activists. Most campaigned for the right to drive and an end to the kingdom’s male guardianship system, which requires women to obtain the consent of a male relative for many major decisions.
Earlier this year, Mohammed bin Salman ended a decades-long ban on women driving and allowed women to attend concerts and football matches.
Rights groups have welcomed some of the decisions but called for more comprehensive changes to the kingdom’s “guardianship” system”, which Human Rights Watch describes as the main obstacle to realising women’s rights.