Sustainable peace cannot be achieved unless all parties learn from past mistakes and stop underestimating their enemies.
Nadir Naim is an Afghan politician and a member of the former ruling Barakzai dynasty. He was a candidate in the 2014 Afghan presidential elections.
Hazara killings have galvanised Afghans into standing up against extremism and government negligence.
It does not matter whether the insurgency is waving the black flags of ISIL or the white flags of the Taliban.