But only if they unite.
Kamaran Palani is an Associate Fellow at Al Sharq Strategic Research, Lecturer in International Relations at Salahaddin-University-Erbil, and a Resear... ch Fellow at the Middle East Research Institute.
These groups are undermining efforts to improve Erbil-Baghdad relations and reestablish security in the north.
Disagreement in Baghdad over the presence of US troops threatens to destabilise the country.
Since 2003, Iraq has not seen the type of upheaval it witnesses today. Could it lead to genuine political change?