Military operations aside, governments are seeking to counteract the growing appeal of violent groups at its roots.
Recent ISIL communications show attempts to secure influence in East Africa – the stronghold of al-Shabab and al-Qaeda.
Using old Soviet connections, Uganda and Russia sealed an energy deal – the latest in a string of Moscow moves.
With surrender deadline expired, MONUSCO and Congolese army readies military operation against Hutu guerrillas.
A series of deadly attacks have been linked to discontent in DR Congo’s resource-rich Katanga province.
The Congolese army defeated the M23 fighters but their next target, Ugandan group ADF-NALU is a different challenge.