Turkey keen on ties with Armenia

Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan has said his country is ready to build "political relations" with neighbouring Armenia despite their disagreements over history and territory.

    Turkey broke diplomatic ties with Armenia in 1993

    Turkey broke off diplomatic ties with the ex-Soviet republic in 1993 over Armenia's occupation of territory inside Azerbaijan, a regional Turkic-speaking ally of Ankara. 

    Ankara also angrily rejects Yerevan's claims that 1.5 million Armenians suffered genocide at the hands of Ottoman Turks during the first world war. Turkey says the Armenians were victims of a war which claimed even more Muslim Turkish lives.

    But Erdogan, worried the genocide issue could harm Turkey's plans to start European Union (EU) entry talks in October, recently urged Armenia to help set up a commission of historians from many countries to establish what really happened.

    Mending fences?

    Erdogan renewed that invitation in an interview with Milliyet newspaper, adding: "On the one hand, political relations could be established. On the other hand, work (on the archives) could continue. There is no Chinese Wall between us."

    Armenians say 1.5 million people 
    were killed by Ottoman Turks

    Armenian President Robert Kocharyan said this week he was ready to accept Erdogan's proposal for a joint commission to probe the genocide claims but he also said it was necessary to improve broader relations first.

    Erdogan did not mention the possibility of restoring full
    diplomatic relations, but his comments were the clearest sign yet that Turkey wants to mend fences with Armenia.

    Some EU politicians, notably in France, home to western Europe's largest Armenian population, have said Turkey should recognise the alleged genocide of Armenians before being allowed to start accession negotiations with the wealthy bloc.

    Historians must decide

    But German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, who is due to pay an official visit to Turkey next week, ruled out any linkage
    between the start of EU entry talks and the Armenian question.

    "It's very important for a nation to look at its history with an attitude of self-criticism"

    Gerhard Schroeder
    German Chancellor

    "This (recognition of genocide) cannot be a precondition. This is about bilateral relations. It's for the historians to decide (what happened)," Schroeder told Turkey's NTV commercial television in an interview broadcast on Friday.

    He also praised Erdogan's offer to open up Turkey's archives on the period and his call for an international commission.

    "It's very important for a nation to look at its history with an attitude of self-criticism," Schroeder added.

    Borders closed

    He said an expected vote in the German parliament in the coming weeks on a resolution concerning the alleged genocide should not upset relations between Ankara and Berlin.

    Turkey has in the past threatened countries that do recognise the massacres as a genocide with diplomatic sanctions.

    All countries aiming to join the EU are required to strive for good relations with their neighbours.

    But despite the signs of a possible thaw in relations, diplomats say Turkey is unlikely to open its border with Armenia before Yerevan makes some gesture towards Azerbaijan in their long-running row over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh.

    SOURCE: Reuters


    How different voting systems work around the world

    How different voting systems work around the world

    Nearly two billion voters in 52 countries around the world will head to the polls this year to elect their leaders.

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    Russian-Saudi relations could be very different today, if Stalin hadn't killed the Soviet ambassador to Saudi Arabia.

    The great plunder: Nepal's stolen treasures

    The great plunder: Nepal's stolen treasures

    How the art world's hunger for ancient artefacts is destroying a centuries-old culture. A journey across the Himalayas.