US forces reoccupy heart of Najaf

US marines backed by tanks and aircraft have seized the heart of the Iraqi city of Najaf in a major assault on Al-Mahdi Army fighters loyal to Shia leader Muqtada al-Sadr.

    Many civilians have fled to avoid being caught in the crossfire

    Warplanes and helicopters pounded the lightly armed fighters of the Al-Mahdi Army stationed in a

    cemetery next to the Imam Ali Mosque. 

    US forces stormed

    the home of al-Sadr, who

    was believed to be holed up in the

    mosque along with hundreds of his Al-Mahdi Army fighters, witnesses said.

    Hundreds of Iraqi civilians have been killed in the US bombing and fighting between al-Sadr's supporters and US forces and Iraqi security forces in seven Iraqi cities, unofficial sources say.  


    Ahmad al-Shaibani

    said the raid

    followed about one hour of intense fighting between US troops and the

    Al-Mahdi Army, although he had no account yet of the


    "This is a peaceful house and not a military barracks," al-Shaibani said

    . "We feel great anger."

    Interim Prime Minister Iyad Allawi urged the Shia fighters on Thursday to

    lay down their arms and leave the mosque, a site revered by Muslims 

    around the world for 

    containing the tomb of Ali bin Abi Talib, cousin and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad


    The US-led assault in such an important city, for all Muslims and for the Shia Muslim community in particular,

    could spark a firestorm for Allawi, who needs

    to crush the resistance that has disrupted vital oil exports and

    threatened to undermine his six-week-old interim government.


    "This government calls upon all the armed groups to drop

    their weapons and rejoin society. We call upon all the armed men

    to evacuate the holy shrine and not to violate its holiness,"

    Allawi said in a statement.

    Defence Minister Hazem al-Shalan said 1200 "militiamen" had been

    captured in Najaf, "many of them non-Iraqis" who do not speak

    Arabic, and US-led forces had taken up positions in

    the city's 1920 Revolution Square.

    Fighters loyal to Muqtada al-Sadr
    say they will fight until the end

    Another 400 "militiamen" have been killed, captured or wounded in

    the nearby southern city of Kut, according to the minister.

    "The operations are continuing in the city (of Najaf) and will

    continue until the militia is forced out or they surrender to Iraqi

    authorities and benefit from the amnesty scheme," al-Shalaan



    "They (Al-Mahdi fighters) have defiled the sanctity of the shrine"

    in Najaf."

    Interior Minister Falah al-Naqib added: "

    This a conspiracy against Iraq. This is a war on Iraq and

    aiming to destroy Iraq."

    Meanwhile, in the southeastern city of Kut, at least 72 people were

    killed in US air raids and fighting between Iraqi police and

    the Al-Mahdi

    Army on Thursday, the Health Ministry said.

    Shia protests

    It added 25 people were killed in clashes in Baghdad and 21

    in other cities in the past 24 hours. There were no immediate

    casualty figures from the Najaf offensive.

    Protests broke out in Baghdad and the southern city of Basra

    after the start of the Najaf offensive. Demonstrators strongly denounced the war against their fellow countrymen.

    Wary of igniting more anger, the US military said the

    assault would exclude the Imam Ali Mosque. Government officials

    said only Iraqi forces would disarm fighters inside.

    Iraqi supporters of al-Sadr are
    outraged by the Najaf offensive

    But the Al-Mahdi Army raised the prospect of a bloody battle,

    vowing no surrender and saying al-Sadr was leading the defence at

    the shrine and vast cemetery, one of the Middle East's largest.

    "The morale of the fighters is very high," said Ahmad

    al-Shibani, a senior al-Sadr spokesman in Najaf.

    Earlier in the day Abd al-Hadi al-Darraji, official spokesman of al-Sadr in Baghdad, told Aljazeera that the Imam Ali shrine in Najaf was surrounded by US occupation troops.

    Najaf is cut off completely and under heavy bombardment, al-Darraji said. "A shell was fired at the main entrance of the Imam Ali shrine indicating they have surrounded it," he said. 



     "The entire Arab and Islamic world should refuse this tyranny. They should try to work out a ceasefire immediately," al-Darraji added.


    The spokesman warned that if US occupation forces entered the Imam Ali shrine or tried to capture Muqtada al-Sadr, there would be bloodshed all over the country.

    Analysts also warned of a backlash even if the Imam Ali Mosque

    were undamaged and al-Sadr fighters beaten in Najaf.

    The Imam Ali mosque is one of
    the holiest in the Muslim world

    They said

    resentment could pose long-term consequences for Allawi.

    "This has the potential to be a highly destructive bout of

    fighting," said Gareth Stansfield, a Middle East expert at

    London's Royal Institute of International Affairs.

    "It's not just the physical damage, it's the symbolism of

    the Americans being in Najaf as well that is damaging."

    Al-Sadr fighters responded to the US assault in Najaf with

    rocket-propelled grenades and mortar bombs.

    Many civilians fled

    the centre of the city, some escaping on carts pulled by donkeys.

    Who is fighting?

    Some 2000 US servicemen and 1800 Iraq security men are

    deployed around Najaf, a city of 600,000 about 160km

    south of Baghdad.

    The US military said Iraqi forces were actively involved

    in the offensive, although witnesses said US troops were

    doing most of the fighting.

    Al-Sadr has been one of the most
    most vocal critics of US presence

    As news of the offensive filtered in, thousands of Iraqis

    took to the streets in Basra and a Baghdad district to protest.

    "Long live al-Sadr; America and Allawi are infidels," thousands

    of protesters in Basra chanted.

    Shia cleric, Ayat Allah Ali


    called from his bed in a London hospital for an immediate end to the fighting,

    aide Husain al-Shari

    ristani said.

    The latest fighting has shattered a two-month truce between

    US forces and one of their most vocal critics in Iraq.

    US forces say they have killed 360 al-Sadr loyalists so far

    in Najaf. Al-Sadr's spokesmen say far fewer have died in what is

    the second uprising by the Shia group in four months.

    SOURCE: Aljazeera + Agencies


    Where are all the women leaders?

    Where are all the women leaders?

    Kamala Harris makes history as US vice presidential candidate, but barriers remain for women in power around the world.

    A new master's house: The architect decolonising Nigerian design

    A new master's house: The architect decolonising Nigerian design

    Demas Nwoko's structures are a model of culturally relevant and sustainable African design.

    Senegal's village of women

    Senegal's village of women

    Women in northeast Senegal are using solar-powered irrigation to farm food and halt the encroaching desert.