Norway fails to secure Sri Lanka peace deal

Peace broker Norway has ended its latest shuttle diplomacy without a peace deal breakthrough, dimming hopes of an end to ethnic bloodshed.

    Some Tamil factions rejected Norway's peace initiatives

    The two sides appeared on the brink of a deal to re-start peace talks two weeks ago, but Western diplomats in Srilanka said fresh problems over an agenda for talks was holding up a deal, despite hectic moves by the Norwegians.
    Norwegian special envoy, Erik Solheim, left on Friday after
    his second visit to Sri Lanka this month on top of visits by Norway's Foreign Minister Jan Petersen and his deputy Vidar Helgesen who failed to clinch a breakthrough.
    The rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) insist on their 31 October proposal for self rule being taken up before a final political settlement to end three decades of ethnic bloodshed that has claimed more than 60,000 lives.

    Opposing views

    President Chandrika Kumaratunga on the other hand wants parallel talks on what she calls "core issues" while discussing
    reconstruction and rehabilitation of war-ravaged areas of the
    island's north-east.

    "The president is looking for a quick harvest, but the Tigers
    don't seem to want to go along at this moment," says a Western diplomat close to the process.

    President Chandrika Kumaratunga
    wants to discuss "core issues"

    He said failure to revive talks would be a drawback for Sri
    Lanka when representatives from Norway, Japan, the United States and the European Union meet in Brussels on Tuesday to review financial aid to the island.

    "But the Tigers also can't go on for too long without agreeing to talks," says the diplomat.

    "Economic policy"

    However, international lenders say they are more concerned
    about the government's economic policy, which is crucial to
    extending budgetary assistance amid already down-graded growth forecasts by the central bank there.

    "On the peace process, what is more important is that both sides uphold the ceasefire," an official of an international lending agency said. "What we are concerned about is economic policy. We are waiting for a clear signal."

    However, both military officials and the Tigers say that the
    ceasefire brokered by Oslo and in place since February 2002 is also under severe strain, particularly in the island's eastern province.
    At least 13 people have been killed in the region since 25 April
    and the victims included Tiger rebels, government security personnel and civilians.



    Interactive: How does your country vote at the UN?

    Interactive: How does your country vote at the UN?

    We visualised 1.2 million votes at the UN since 1946. What do you think are the biggest issues facing the world today?

    'We were forced out by the government soldiers'

    'We were forced out by the government soldiers'

    We dialled more than 35,000 random phone numbers to paint an accurate picture of displacement across South Sudan.

    Interactive: Plundering Cambodia's forests

    Interactive: Plundering Cambodia's forests

    Meet the man on a mission to take down Cambodia's timber tycoons and expose a rampant illegal cross-border trade.