South Lebanon's ongoing battleground

Liberated Territory: Enter Peacefully and Safely, reads a road sign erected by Hizb Allah sometime since its guerrillas forced the Israeli army out of south Lebanon in 2000.

    Israeli forces still occupy Lebanon's Shebaa Farms area

    But s

    poradic flare-ups along the tense frontier means that there are still ways to go before complete peace is achieved. 


    Overwhelmingly, the people of south Lebanon are supportive of Hizb Allah and its activities, which ended Israel's 22-year-old occupation of Lebanese territory - except for the Shebaa Farms area.


    But some residents say they are concerned that tensions are exacerbating

    economic malaise in the under-developed area.


    They suggest it is

    time Lebanon's army replaced the Shia Muslim group that has

    controlled the border since Israel ended its brutal 22-year occupation.


    "The army should deploy now the Israelis are gone, not leave

    it loose so anyone can come and take a pot-shot," said Nidal

    Yasin, a day after a group of Palestinians

    tried firing rockets from hills near his village into Israel.


    Others say Israel's harsh policies and targeted assasinations in the occupied Palestinian territories justify the attacks against Israel in what is considered the last segment of occupied Lebanese territory - the Shebaa Farms.


    The last time the Palestinians fired rockets, Nidal said, the Israelis

    hit his house

    and killed his nephew.


    "We pay the price for their political


    ," he said.


    Israeli attacks


    Hizb Allah members are seen as
    heroes by many Lebanese 

    Two Palestinians were killed in an Israeli air raid on south

    Lebanon on 23 March as they fired rockets to avenge the killing

    of Shaikh Ahmad Yasin, founder of the Islamic resistance movement Hamas.


    A day earlier, Hizb Allah attacked Israeli positions in the

    Shebaa Farms border area, again in response to the

    killing of the wheelchair-bound cleric.


    Israel followed with air strikes around the edges of some

    Lebanese border villages, shattering windows.


    "Everyone wishes things were more stable," said Muhammad

    Yaqub, a shopkeeper in the southern town of Houla.


    "It would be

    better if the army came. The Lebanese army is our army, all of

    us, not some party or militia."


    But this is not the position of the Lebanese government.


    Lebanon rejects US demands it take over, saying it will

    not let its military act as border police for an enemy state.


    And some analysts say deploying an army too weak to confront

    Israel's military could prove more volatile than leaving

    the border in the hands of a force whose tenacity it has tasted.


    Hizb Allah support


    Hizb Allah, backed by Syria and Iran, won hero status across

    the Arab world when Israel unilaterally withdrew from Lebanon.


    This year's prisoner exchange deal - which swapped more

    than 400 Arabs for one Israeli businessman and the remains of

    three soldiers - elevated the group's standing in Arab eyes.


    "As long as the Zionist enemy is on our land, we, the

    residents, must be side by side with the resistance.

    Our problems began when the Zionists came to Palestine. But

    this is our land and we will hold onto it and not leave"


    Kfar Shuba resident

    Residents of Kfar Shuba, the town nearest the Shebaa Farms, 

    are publicly supportive of the group that has long championed

    the Palestinian cause too.


    "As long as the Zionist enemy is on our land, we, the

    residents, must be side by side with the resistance," said Abu

    Bilal, a poster of the assasinated Yasin in his shop window.


    "Our problems began when the Zionists came to Palestine. But

    this is our land and we will hold onto it and not leave."


    Lebanon and Hizb Allah say the Shebaa Farms area is still-occupied

    Lebanese soil. Residents of the border towns of Shebaa and Kfar

    Shuba say it is land they once farmed but can no longer access.


    On the other hand, the United Nations considers the strip Israeli-occupied

    Syrian territory and Israel's pullout from Lebanon as complete.


    Syria, meanwhile, agrees with the Lebanese position on the issue.


    Occupied area


    Hizb Allah regularly struck Israeli posts in the area in the early stages

    of the more than three-year-old Palestinian

    uprising next door.


    The frequency of attacks has waned as US pressure has

    mounted on Lebanon and Syria, which has broad political sway in

    its tiny neighbour, to rein in the group it calls "terrorist".


    But locals pointed to regular Israeli overflights, which draw

    Hizb Allah fire and UN criticism, as proof that Israel is not

    seriously committed to peace.


    Civilians have been caught in the
    middle of the conflict

    Some complained that the Shebaa Farms was being exploited

    as a proxy battleground in a regional



    "We want our land free but there are other ways. They hit

    the Shebaa Farms. So what difference did it make?" said one

    southern businessman.

    "It was about Yasin, about Palestine,

    about Syria, not about freeing Lebanese land."


    Southerners, many of whom returned from years abroad to help

    rebuild their native villages after the liberation, say they

    just want to make a living.


    Ordinary people


    "As far as business is concerned, we are affected

    tremendously," said Simon Hamra, manager of the Dana Hotel near

    Ibl al-Saqi.


    "It may be safe but to people abroad, it looks like

    the south is burning," he said, adding that all his rooms were

    empty and two functions had been cancelled after the latest



    Since August, two Israelis, two Palestinians and at least four Lebanese

    have been killed in border flare-ups.


    "Farmers don't plant areas near the fence because you never

    know when there's going to be an attack or shelling," said Ali

    Amra, who runs an agricultural coop in Kfar Shuba.


    "We just want it all to end so farmers can make a living."

    SOURCE: Aljazeera + Agencies


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