Basques march for banned party

Thousands of Basques have demonstrated for self-determination in Spain and called for their banned political party to be put back on the ballot sheet.

    Thousands demanded the right to self-determination

    The Saturday march in San Sebastian sought international attention, highlighting the complete lack of representation for Basque concerns in central government.

    Relations between government and local Basque officials have sunk so low the two sides do not talk to each other anymore.
    Some are concerned Madrid and Vitoria, the Basque capital, cannot be drawn back together after 14 March general elections - when a new central government will take over.

    The reasons for the rift are clear - Basque hopes for greater self rule, and disagreement on how to deal with the Basque separatist group ETA.
    Strained relations

    The central government's strained ties with Spain's "autonomous" regions lie at the heart of the election campaign.
    The ruling centre-right Popular Party (PP) defends the status quo, which grants the regions wide powers of self rule, but with ultimate authority resting in Madrid. 

    Local Basque leader Arnaldo Otegi 
    joined the mass protest

    The main opposition Socialists, who trail in the polls, favour altering the statutes governing home rule in places like Catalonia, where the Socialists govern in coalition with two Catalan regional parties.
    But the main problem concerns the Basque Country, in northern Spain.
    Refusal to talk

    Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar refuses to meet Basque premier Juan Jose Ibarrexte, in large part because of Ibarretxe's proposal to grant the Basque Country a "status of free association" with Spain.
    Aznar questions the Basque Nationalist Party's loyalty to Spain and its commitment in the fight against ETA.

    Meanwhile the Basque Nationalist Party, which has governed the region since 1980, sometimes brands Aznar's party as the heirs to former dictator General Francisco Franco, who died in 1975. 

    San Sebastian was full of Basque
    separatist flags on Saturday

    "If the Basque government wants a friendly relationship with the rest of Spain, it should reconsider its behaviour of recent years," said Carlos Urquijo, Madrid's representative in the Basque region.
    "If you keep giving a kick in the pants to the person you are trying to talk with, you can't expect them to open the door for you," Urquijo said, referring to the so-called "Ibarretxe Plan".
    Basque election hope

    Such public statements suggest little hope for a breakthrough, but privately Basque leaders are pinning hopes on Mariano Rajoy, who has been hand-picked by Aznar to run as the ruling party candidate for prime minister.
    Rajoy is seen as less strident than Aznar and also has a track record of defusing bitterness, as when he soothed outrage in his native Galicia after a massive oil tanker spill there in November 2002.

    He pledged on Saturday to revive dialogue in the troubled region.
    One high-ranking official in the Basque Nationalist Party said: "It will be better under Rajoy. At least it can't be any worse."
    For its part, the Basque Nationalist Party recently replaced its long-time boss Xabier Arzalluz, 71, with 40-year-old Josu Jon Imaz, seen as more moderate.



    How different voting systems work around the world

    How different voting systems work around the world

    Nearly two billion voters in 52 countries around the world will head to the polls this year to elect their leaders.

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    How Moscow lost Riyadh in 1938

    Russian-Saudi relations could be very different today, if Stalin hadn't killed the Soviet ambassador to Saudi Arabia.

    The peace games: Dreaming big for South Sudan's youth

    The peace games: Dreaming big for South Sudan's youth

    A relatively new independence and fresh waves of conflict inspire a South Sudanese refugee to build antiwar video games.