India, Pakistan to resume talks in May

India and Pakistan will resume peace talks in May or June after three days of preparatory discussions went smoothly, Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf said on Wednesday.

    Musharraf is satisfied at the way talks are shaping up

    Musharraf said foreign secretaries from the two countries would meet in May or June to launch a "composite dialogue" over several areas of

    dispute, with disputed Kashmir high on the agenda.

    Foreign ministers would then meet in July or August, he said in an address to Islamic scholars.

    "What has been decided is that in May/June there will be a composite level dialogue... soon after Indian elections, and in it the Kashmir

    issue will be discussed," Musharraf said in the address in Islamabad.

    "In July/August a foreign minister-level composite dialogue will take place and after that we will see."

    The two countries have gone to war three times since gaining independence in 1947 - twice over the Himalayan region of Kashmir which

    they both claim.

    They were on the brink of a fourth war in 2002, four years after both conducted tit-for-tat nuclear tests.

    Broad understanding

    Pakistan's Foreign Secretary Riaz
    Khokhar (R) with his Indian
    counterpart Shashank

    On Tuesday, middle-ranking foreign ministry officials from both sides said they had reached a "broad understanding" on the talks framework.

    Pakistani Foreign Secretary Riaz Khokhar met Indian counterpart Shashank on Wednesday to finalise plans.

    Essentially, the neighbours aim to take up where they left off when a composite dialogue over eight issues ran aground in 1999 and finally

    collapsed at a summit in the Indian city of Agra in July 2001.

    "The process we started is moving forwards smoothly towards a solution," Musharraf said, promising to take into account the wishes of

    Kashmiris in any solution to the 57-year-old dispute.

    "It should be acceptable to India, Pakistan and the Kashmiris," he said.

    "But I promise I will not take any decision without taking the nation into confidence."

    Bid for peace

    The talks so far have involved
    middle-ranking officials

    Under the composite dialogue formula, foreign secretaries would discuss the Kashmir dispute, as well as "peace and security" - code for a

    range of confidence-building measures meant to reduce the risk of nuclear and conventional war.

    Officials from other ministries would also tackle a range of issues, including trade and economic links, people-to-people contacts and

    disputes over water sharing, maritime boundaries and the Siachen glacier, the world's highest battlefield.

    Diplomats see signs that both sides genuinely want to make a fresh bid for peace and to avoid the pitfalls that have undermined previous

    attempts to mend their differences.

    They also appear keen to maintain the momentum generated by last month's meeting between Musharraf and Indian Prime Minister Atal

    Behari Vajpayee.

    But Indian elections expected in April meant some delay was inevitable.

    Nuclear security

    Pakistan has proposed that the talks also consider proposals for a "strategic restraint regime", so that both sides maintain a minimum

    nuclear deterrence and avoid a costly nuclear and conventional arms race.

    "The process we started is moving forwards smoothly towards a solution.

    It should be acceptable to India, Pakistan and the Kashmiris.

    But I promise I will not take any decision without taking the nation into confidence"

    Pervez Musharraf
    Pakistani President

    More than a million troops were massed on the border in 2002 in a tense military confrontation sparked by an attack on India's parliament

    that New Delhi blamed on Pakistani-backed militants.

    Heavy US pressure helped to avert a war, and in November the two sides agreed to impose a ceasefire along the Line of Control dividing

    Kashmir. But mistrust runs deep.

    India accuses Pakistan of supporting militants fighting its rule in Kashmir.

    Although it says infiltration into Kashmir from Pakistan has slowed, it says Islamabad has not dismantled what it calls the "terrorist

    infrastructure" within its country.

    For its part India has to allay Pakistani fears that it does not see the talks as a way of sidelining the Kashmir issue, and giving it time to

    crush a separatist insurgency there.

    SOURCE: Reuters


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