As the Saudi-led military campaign in Yemen enters its third week, the majority of Yemen's territory remains under the control of Houthi rebels and former Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh loyalists.
This raises the question of whether the Saudi-led alliance will expedite plans to begin a ground troops incursion into Yemen. It is unclear, however, whether sending ground troops will help achieve the political demands of both Saudi Arabia's King Salman and Yemeni President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, or whether the move will lead to a protracted war.
Based on Yemen's history, social structure, and complicated political context, it could be argued that the kingdom and its coalition must carefully consider the possible implications of sending ground troops into Yemen.
First, the society in Yemen is highly armed, with a strong and persistent gun culture in key tribal communities where images of tribesmen carrying rifles are part of everyday life.
According to some estimates, the country is second to the United States in terms of the per capita ratio of privately owned guns.
Yemeni tribes have historically played decisive roles in the outcomes of almost every war in the past. Indeed, such engagement should be carefully coordinated to prevent the rise of radical elements or the fall of potential military assistance into the wrong hands.