Spain's top court has withdrawn a European arrest warrant for dismissed Catalan President Carles Puigdemont and four former ministers who had escaped to Brussels because they showed intent to return to Spain and participate in upcoming elections.
But Supreme Court Judge Pablo Llarena said on Tuesday that the five Catalans still face charges in Spain of rebellion, sedition and embezzlement for their roles in staging in a secession referendum in October, which Madrid deemed illegal.
Al Jazeera's Karl Penhaul, reporting from Barcelona, said: "The judge is withdrawing the international request for arrest against [the five] ... That will effectively end extradition proceedings that were under way in Brussels.
"What it does not do is lift the arrest warrants for those people here in Spain."
In Spain, the crimes the five are accused of carry sentences of years in prison. The group could still be arrested if they return to Madrid.
"The definition of rebellion that Spanish authorities [adhere to] is not categorised as such under Belgian law. Hence, if the Belgian authorities extradited them, they couldn't face those charges in Spain which could carry a 30-year sentence," said Penhaul.
Our correspondent said Puigdemont and the ministers were likely to avoid returning to Spain to prevent arrest there.
Puigdemont had said in November the group travelled to Belgium to avoid violence.
Meanwhile, campaigning is under way to pick a new regional government, with elections expected to take place on December 21.
Puigdemont will run in the election under the All for Catalonia group. He launched his campaign from Belgium.
Spain's national government in Madrid dissolved the previous Catalan administration following weeks of unrest following the secession vote.
In the October 1 referendum, Catalans voted to secede from Spain, but turnout was reportedly lower than 50 percent.