Egypt has been struggling with social, economic and political problems since the fall of former president Hosni Mubarak.
It will have to add climate change to the list of hurdles it has had to face.
Half the people in Egypt live in the Nile Delta. It is fertile land, but extremely vulnerable to climate change.
Additionally, the country's coastal cities were built at low elevation, and rising sea levels are putting millions of people at risk.
Al Jazeera's Sherine Tadros reports from Cairo.