Kurdish rebels say they will start pulling their fighters out of Turkey into Iraq on Wednesday as part of a peace plan with the Turkish government.
The Kurdistan Workers Party, PKK, was founded in 1978. Six years later it began an armed rebellion against Turkey in a conflict that has killed more than 40,000 people.
Two weeks ago Murat Karayilan, the military leader of the PKK, declared his fighters will begin to withdraw from Turkey on May 8.
Al Jazeera’s Caroline Malone reports on what this means for the people affected by decades of conflict.