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Business in today's Russia might be less violent than during the mafia-dominated 1990s, but corruption has become institutionalised among low-level landowners and bureaucrats.

In fact, Russia is the worst-ranked G20 nation on Transparency International's recently released corruption index, falling below Yemen, Libya and Pakistan.

Varvara Gubanova, an entrepreneur trying to open a beauty salon, says she expects to pay bribes during every step of opening and running her business.

Al Jazeera's Laurence Lee reports from Moscow.

Source: Al Jazeera