The Kazakh government has launched a fresh crackdown on independent news media, shutting down newspapers and raiding offices.
The government is branding media outlets that are sympathetic to opposition activists as "extremists", and hitting them with legal injunctions and cases.
The country's news organisations have often been hit by such restrictions, however, and are finding ways around the new restrictions.
Al Jazeera Robin Forestier-Walker reports from Almaty, the commercial capital.
Source: Al Jazeera