Lagos, Nigeria's largest city, produces around 10,000 tonnes of waste every day.
To tackle the problem, working class neighbourhoods are being offered incentives to recycle rubbish.
An innovative loyalty scheme offers electrical equipment, groceries and phone credit in return for waste.
Al Jazeera's Rawya Rageh reports from Lagos.
This report is the third and final part of Al Jazeera's Wasteful World special series, which looks at the increasing problems caused by humanity's massive production of waste and those looking to turn problems into profit.
Part 1: Tackling America's wasteful lifestyle
Part 2: Turning rejects into fashion in Bangladesh
Source: Al Jazeera