New research published in the British science journal The Lancet shows malaria kills twice as many people as previously thought.
The report states 1.2 million people were actually affected by the disease.
But, accurate figures about infection rates are hard to find as not all cases of malaria are documented.
Uganda has one of the highest number of people known to be infected with the disease.
Al Jazeera's Malcolm Webb reports from the Kiboga District, in southwestern Uganda.