Muammar Gaddafi's rule in Libya lasted for more than four decades, a record that few world leaders can boast.
Having seized power in a military coup at at the age of 27, he imposed a pan-Arab, anti-imperialist philosophy that won him both friends and enemies.
Despite admitting that he had a nuclear weapons programme, he was tolerated by the international community because of Libya's rich oil deposits, a dwindling international resource.
Al Jazeera's Alan Fisher takes a look back at his rise - and subsequent fall.
Source: Al Jazeera