Over 200 people have been killed in France since 2015 in a series of attacks claimed by ISIL, prompting a state of emergency to be declared. 

The crackdown has been criticised by human rights groups, and some say it unfairly singles out Muslims.

For French philosopher Bernard-Henri Levy, the state of emergency is necessary.

"It is a way to protect the civilians of every faith ... against the pure plague and horror of 'jihadism'," says Levy. "It will last as long as the threat of 'jihadism' will last."

"This mix of gangsterism and ideology, this is very common from Stalinism to Nazism to now 'jihadism' to this sort of totalitarian crime."

In this Web Extra, philosopher and author Bernard-Henri Levy defends France's controversial emergency powers.

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Source: Al Jazeera News