Watch part two
After three weeks of war, Gaza's 1.4 million residents are slowly beginning to pick up the pieces.
Children are going back to school, aid agencies are surveying the damage and efforts to revive Mideast peace negotiations are underway.
But among the work of the governments and their leaders working towards an official ceasefire, different voices are also being heard calling for peace and an end to the ongoing crisis.
On Monday, Riz is joined by two geniuses of their respective fields who are calling for a solution - from outside the political system.
Stephen Hawking is without doubt the best known living physicist, considered to have one of the world's most brilliant minds.
Many believe his work has placed him in the great tradition of Sir Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein. He has survived against all odds. Diagnosed at the young age of twenty one with motor neuron disease he was given just two to three years to live.
In the more than four decades since then he has developed several groundbreak scientific theories and lectured at countless events around the world. Most known for his scientific discoveries he has also visited Israel and West Bank and has harsh words for Israel's latest actions in Gaza.
Later in the programme, maestro Daniel Barenboim is acclaimed around the world as a pianist and a conductor, but has also become widely know for championing Palestinian rights.
Together with the late Palestinian-American intellectual Edward Said, he founded the West-Eastern divan orchestra which includes both Arab and Israeli musicians.
His tireless efforts to show solidarity with the Palestinian people have included giving concerts in the West Bank and in January 2008 he accepted an honorary Palestinian citizenship.
This episode of the Riz Khan show aired from Monday, January 26, 2009.