[QODLink]
Orphans of the Sahara

Orphans of the Sahara: Exile

Part three explores the astonishing wealth that lies beneath the Tuareg's ancestral land.

Last updated: 23 Jan 2014 20:08
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback

The final episode of this three-part series goes inside the French uranium mining zone in Niger - the most deprived nation on earth.

Eighty percent of Niger's people are illiterate and 90 percent have no electricity. Yet under Tuareg land in the north of the country lies a massive and lucrative reserve of uranium which a French state-owned corporation has been mining - with fees to the Niger government - for over 40 years.

Further information, comment and opinion on the impact of uranium mining in Niger:

 But local Tuaregs have seen little benefit from this natural wealth.

Angry at their government and the French, the rebel group, the Niger Movement for Justice (MNJ), rise up to fight for a greater share of their mineral wealth and put an end to the pollution, caused by the mining, that they say is slowly killing their people and animals.

The MNJ rebels attack French uranium facilities, and the Niger government sends troops to the north. After two years of fighting, the Tuareg rebellion in Niger ends without the rebels’ aims being achieved.

Meanwhile in neighbouring Mali, the Tuareg National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) fights to keep control of their newly announced independent state of Azawad. However al-Qaeda gains supremacy over the territory.

In January 2013, France - Mali’s old colonial master - sends thousands of soldiers to seize the land back, resulting in a mass exodus of Tuaregs.

From refugee camps, Tuaregs say they will continue to demand, and dream of, an independent state.

Orphans of the Sahara: Exile features music from the bands Toumast and Terakaft. Listen to their music here

This is episode three of our three-part series Orphans of the Sahara. It can be seen from January 23, 2014, at the following times GMT: Thursday: 2000; Friday: 1200; Saturday: 0100; Sunday: 0600; Monday: 2000; Tuesday: 1200; Wednesday: 0100

Watch more Orphans of the Sahara

392

Source:
Al Jazeera
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
Featured on Al Jazeera
An innovative rehabilitation programme offers Danish fighters in Syria an escape route and help without prosecution.
Street tension between radical Muslims and Holland's hard right rises, as Islamic State anxiety grows.
Take an immersive look at the challenges facing the war-torn country as US troops begin their withdrawal.
Ministers and MPs caught on camera sleeping through important speeches have sparked criticism that they are not working.
Featured
Spirits are high in Scotland's 'Whisky Capital of the World' with one distillery thirsty for independence.
President Poroshenko arrives in Washington on Thursday with money and military aid on his mind, analysts say.
Early players in private medicine often focused on volume over quality, turning many Chinese off for-profit care.
Al Jazeera asked people across Scotland what they think about the prospect of splitting from the United Kingdom.
Blogger critical of a lack of government transparency faces defamation lawsuit from Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong.
join our mailing list