[QODLink]
Orphans of the Sahara

Orphans of the Sahara: Exile

Part three explores the astonishing wealth that lies beneath the Tuareg's ancestral land.

Last updated: 23 Jan 2014 20:08
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback

The final episode of this three-part series goes inside the French uranium mining zone in Niger - the most deprived nation on earth.

Eighty percent of Niger's people are illiterate and 90 percent have no electricity. Yet under Tuareg land in the north of the country lies a massive and lucrative reserve of uranium which a French state-owned corporation has been mining - with fees to the Niger government - for over 40 years.

Further information, comment and opinion on the impact of uranium mining in Niger:

 But local Tuaregs have seen little benefit from this natural wealth.

Angry at their government and the French, the rebel group, the Niger Movement for Justice (MNJ), rise up to fight for a greater share of their mineral wealth and put an end to the pollution, caused by the mining, that they say is slowly killing their people and animals.

The MNJ rebels attack French uranium facilities, and the Niger government sends troops to the north. After two years of fighting, the Tuareg rebellion in Niger ends without the rebels’ aims being achieved.

Meanwhile in neighbouring Mali, the Tuareg National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) fights to keep control of their newly announced independent state of Azawad. However al-Qaeda gains supremacy over the territory.

In January 2013, France - Mali’s old colonial master - sends thousands of soldiers to seize the land back, resulting in a mass exodus of Tuaregs.

From refugee camps, Tuaregs say they will continue to demand, and dream of, an independent state.

Orphans of the Sahara: Exile features music from the bands Toumast and Terakaft. Listen to their music here

This is episode three of our three-part series Orphans of the Sahara. It can be seen from January 23, 2014, at the following times GMT: Thursday: 2000; Friday: 1200; Saturday: 0100; Sunday: 0600; Monday: 2000; Tuesday: 1200; Wednesday: 0100

Watch more Orphans of the Sahara

392

Source:
Al Jazeera
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
Featured on Al Jazeera
Italy struggles to deal with growing flood of migrants willing to risk their lives to reach the nearest European shores.
Israel's Operation Protective Edge is the third major offensive on the Gaza Strip in six years.
Muslims and Arabs in the US say they face discrimination in many areas of life, 13 years after the 9/11 attacks.
At one UN site alone, approximately four children below the age of five are dying each day.
Featured
'I'm dying anyway, one piece at a time' said Steve Fobister, who suffers from disabilities caused by mercury poisoning.
The world's newest professional sport comes from an unlikely source: video games.
The group's takeover of farms in Qaraqosh, 30km from Mosul, has caused fear among residents, and a jump in food prices.
Protests and online activism in recent months have brought a resurgence of ethnic Oromo nationalism in Ethiopia.
Chemotherapy is big business, but some US doctors say it could be overused and are pushing for cheaper and better care.
join our mailing list