Documents released by Wikileaks show the United States intercepted communications by Jacques Chirac, Nicolas Sarkozy and current president - Francois Hollande. The French government summoned the US ambassador to protest.
French Prime Minister Manuel Valls is calling for a new code of conduct on intelligence issues. German Chancellor Angela Merkel was also a victim of US spying.
So why does Washington spy on its supposed allies and friends?
Presenter: Adrian Finighan
Anne Giudicelli - founder of a risk consultancy called Terrorisc
Richard Weitz - Senior Fellow at the Hudson Institute, and the Director of its Center for Political-Military Analysis
Nicolas Krameyer - head of the freedom and expression programme for Amnesty International France
Source: Al Jazeera