During the 18-day revolution in 2011, the army said it was siding with the people, refusing to thwart what it said were the legitimate demands of millions of Egyptians.
But many argue that the army was actually making its own calculations.
The generals reportedly seized the opportunity to make immediate gains: protecting their huge interests and preventing Jamal Mubarak, son of the former president, Hosni Mubarak, from becoming the next president.
Inside Story takes a hard look at the role of the army in the revolution and its power in society.
Presenter: Shiulie Ghosh
Tawfik Hamid - Political commentator and author of the book Inside Jihad
Sahar Aziz - Associate professor of law at Texas A&M University and author of "Bringing down and uprising: Egypt stillborn revolution"
Adel Iskandar - Professor of global communication at Simon Fraser University and author of the book Egypt in Flux: Essays on an unfinished revolution
Live Box 20123711594269418
Source: Al Jazeera