It is a crime that the United Nations says represents a stain on our collective conscience, and one that grows with each new rape committed. Sexual violence is endemic in society in general, but it is as a weapon of war that the crime has gone largely unpunished.
A military court in the Democratic Republic of Congo handed down only two rape convictions in a mass trial of 39 soldiers on Monday. The charges stem from a military operation in the town of Minova in November 2012. In 2008, the United Nations Security Council passed resolution 1820 - in part as a response to the conflict in the DRC.
It declared that “Rape and other forms of sexual violence can constitute war crimes, crimes against humanity or a constitutive act with respect to genocide.".
So what is being done to combat sexual violence, and seek justice for victims of rape as a weapon of war?
Presenter: Mike Hanna
Zainab Hawa Bangura - the UN special representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict.
Victoria Dove Dimandja - co-founder of the Congolese Women's Group in the UK, and who runs the It Must Stop Campaign.
Brigid Inder - executive director of the Women's Intiative for Gender Justice.