[QODLink]
Inside Story

ILO: Eliminate child labour

With millions of children employed as domestic labour across the world, what can be done to end the practice?

Last Modified: 13 Jun 2013 15:21
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback

World Day Against Child Labour was marked on Wednesday, and a new report released by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) paints a grim picture of children working in the shadows. 

ILO calls for concerted and joint action at national and international levels to eliminate child domestic labour.

The report estimates that 10.5 million children around the world - most of them under age - are employed as domestic workers in people's homes, in hazardous and sometimes slavery-like conditions.  More than half of these child labourers are aged between five and 14 years old - and almost three quarters of them are girls.

The report also says these children are vulnerarble to physical, psychological, sexual violence and abusive working conditions, and are often isolated from their families. For many there is also a risk being forced into prostitution.
 
In Pakistan, for example, child labour is particularly troubling. It is among the 10 nations where children are most freely exploited. Government agencies in Pakistan, dealing with the problem have been unble to to stop a rapid increase in the practice.

Poverty is the basic triggering factor, which forces parents to take their children, sometimes selling them into domestic help
.... Education hasn't been a priority for poor families, as they have to work every member of the family to make ends meet.

Hamza Hasan,  research officer at the Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child (SPARC)

"According to child advocacy groups, Pakistan is the only country in the world where the use of child labour is actually on the rise," reported Al Jazeera's Imtiaz Tyab from Islamabad. 

"Children have long been used as domestic workers or indeed as bonded labourers," Tyab said. "[And] over the past several years, Pakistan's economy has been a near free for all as a result, many families are increasingly dependent on the incomes that their children can bring in as workers."

He added that although the Pakistani government has passed several laws to prevent children from going into the work force, those laws are rarely, if ever, enforced.

It is important to note that child domestic labour is a global phenomenon, and is common in many countries across Africa. According to the ILO, sub-Saharan Africa remains a leading concern, notably countries such as Burkina Faso, Ghana, Ivory Coast and Mali.

In Nepal, one of the poorest countries in South East Asia, the law prohibits the employment of children under the age of 14, but only in the formal sector - Al Jazeera's Subina Shreshta reported from Kathmandu that "one out of four children in nepal are working."

So what is being done to end the practice once and for all?  And what will it take to give millions of children around the world a chance to be children?  

To discuss these issues, Inside Story, with presenter Veronica Pedrosa, is joined by guests: Jose Ramirez, author of this year's child domestic report and a senior officer at the International Labour organization (ILO); Hamza Hasan, a research officer at the Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child (SPARC); and Kunle Onabolu, director of the African Child Trust (ACT).

"The issues in Africa are rather more complex. The under arching problem relates to poverty ... on the one hand you have [a] situation ... both social [and] economic, and to a degree cultural, with the cultural also attached to the issue of poverty. So you have kids who should have been going to school, doing domestic work, lots of them working in agriculture ... then you have the other side of the coin ... the issues of war, you have child soilders ... Children in prostitution who are enforced, issues of mining."

- Kunle Onabolu, director of the African Child Trust (ACT)

658

Source:
Al Jazeera
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
Muslim volunteers face questioning and threat of arrest, while aid has been disrupted or blocked, charities say.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
ISIL combatants seeking an 'exit strategy' from Mideast conflict need positive reinforcement back home, analysts say.
European nation hit by a wave of Islamophobia as many young fighters join ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
Featured
Lack of child protection laws means abandoned and orphaned kids rely heavily on the care of strangers.
At least 25 tax collectors have been killed since 2012 in Mogadishu, a city awash in weapons and abject poverty.
Since she was 16-years-old, Scottish Nationalist Party's Sturgeon has strove for independence from the UK.
Armed group's ransom success with German hostages marks a re-emergence, as authorities investigate ISIL links.
Western nations are moving into the resource-rich country after decades of disinterest, challenging China's interests.
join our mailing list