In the latest strain between the two nations, Turkey has said it will challenge Israel's blockade of Gaza at the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Tensions first arose between Tel Aviv and Ankara following last year's Israeli action against ships heading for Gaza, in which nine Turks were killed.
Ahmed Davutoglu, the Turkish foreign minister, said Turkey did not accept the findings of a UN report which said Israel's blockade of Gaza was a legal security measure.
What is Turkey likely to gain from the legal battle? Is Ankara setting itself on a collision course with Tel Aviv, or setting a precedent in dealing with Israel that might be followed by other countries in the region?
Inside Story discusses with guests: Abdullah al-Ashal, a former assistant to an Egyptian foreign minister, and Mustafa Akyol, the author of Islam Without Extremes: A Muslim Case For Liberty.