On Sunday, a suicide bomber detonated himself in the heart of Istanbul injuring 32 people, including 15 policemen.
Investigators are suspecting the Kurdistan workers party (PKK) to be behind the attack but the group denies responsibility, and the interior minister has warned against rushing to conclusion.
The blast coincided with the last day of the unilateral ceasefire declared by the PKK.
The international community including the US described this attack as a shocking crime and offered assistance in bringing the perpetrators to swift justice.
In a country where several groups have waged war on the government, we ask if Turkey can really stamp out violence, who might be behind this attack, and how Turkey is planning to deal with it.
Joining the programme are Ibrahim Dogus, a director of the Halkevi Kurdish Centre, Neshmet Yegim, a researcher on terrorism at the International Strategic Research Organisation, and Thomas Seibert, the Turkey correspondent of the UAE newspaper The National.
This episode of Inside Story aired from Monday, November 1, 2010.