Though it is outlawed in Pakistan, India maintains that the movement is still supported by elements within Pakistan's security agencies.
The two countries have a myriad of thorny issues to address, but is this meeting enough to restore trust between these two arch rivals? And can a common approach to resolving their deep differences be agreed?
Inside Story, with presenter Mike Hanna, discusses with guests: Ahmed Quraishi, a political analyst, K.C. Singh, a former Indian diplomat; and Malou Innocent, a foreign policy analyst at the Cato Institute.
This episode of Inside Story aired on Thursday, July 15, 2010.
Source: Al Jazeera