World leaders from 70 nations gathered in London on Thursday, renewing the momentum towards ending the conflict in Afghanistan and rebuilding the country.
"Turning the tide against the Taliban" was what Gordon Brown, the British prime minister, said coalition forces would be doing, as he opened the London Conference on Afghanistan.
The conference, headed by Brown, Hamid Karzai, the Afghan president, and Ban Ki-Moon, the UN general secretary, aims to increase international support of the Afghani government and to provide it with the military and civilian resources needed to train the Afghani army and police forces so eventually, foreign troops can start to pull out of Afghanistan.
It is a strategy Brown calls "Afghanisation".
High on the agenda is the proposal of a trust fund which will provide foreign aid to the country and which will persuade former Taliban members to lay down their arms and denounce violence, offering the Taliban "a way back into mainstream life".
In return, the international community expects Karzai to fight corruption in his government and to improve the economic situation of the Afghan people.
Will the international community succeed bringing stability and security to Afghanistan? Is paying off the Taliban the solution to combating terrorism in the region? Will world leaders step up pressure on Karzai in return for their continued support?
Inside Story presenter Sohail Rahman is joined by Prince Ali Seraj, a political analyst, a former presidential candidate and the president of the National Coalition for Dialogue with Tribes of Afghanistan. We are alsso joined by Shukria Darakzai, a member of the Afghan parliament, and Caroline Wadhams from the Center of American Progress.
This episode of Inside Story aired from Thursday, January 28, 2010.