The Indian government embarks on a massive effort to counter the increasing wave of deadly attacks by Maoists rebels.

Manmohan Singh, India's prime minister, has declared that the threat posed by Maoist rebels is second to cross border terrorism.

"Leftwing extremism is one of the greatest threats to Indian national security," he said at a meeting with state leaders on internal security, just a week after India announced it would deploy the army and air force to combat the Maoists.
 
He said that recent attacks by the Maoists, also known as Naxalites, had claimed too many victims and more could be on the horizon if the government failed to take security measures to crush Maoist violence and to counter the rebels' growing influence.

How big a threat are the Maoist rebels in India? What does it need for the government to stem this threat of Maoism? And how will it affect the regional stability?

Inside Story presenter Imran Garda is joined by DC Nath, executive president of the International Institute of Security and Safety Management in New Delhi; Radha D'Souza, a law research fellow at the University of Westminster; and Sadanand Dhume, a journalist and author of the book My Friend the Fanatic.

This episode of Inside Story aired from Monday, August 17, 2009.

Source: Al Jazeera