Watch part two
The Sudanese government and the Darfur rebel group Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) are in Qatar to find a way to end the violence in Western Sudan: six days of talks to end six years of fighting.
While major diplomatic efforts are underway in Doha, Darfur rebels have been critical of Arab-led peace efforts, saying they were designed to save Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir from international court proceedings for alleged war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity.
JEM spokesman made clear that whatever the outcome of the case against Bashir, it should not be linked to the current talks in Doha.
As the International criminal court (ICC) considers an arrest warrant for the Sudanese president, Egypt dispatches its top diplomats to Khartoum to persuade al-Bashir to make concessions.
The Egyptian foreign minister and the head of intelligence arrived in Sudan and held a closed meeting with the Sudanese president.
They have reportedly conveyed a message from Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak to al-Bashir urging him to take "practical, serious and quick" steps with regards to Darfur peace and war crimes trials to convince the international community on Khartoum's seriousness.
So how close are they to reaching a truce? And what are they fighting about? We also look closely at some of the external factors affecting the Darfur conflict.
Inside Story presenter Imran Garda is joined by Abdulrahman al-Khalifa, member of the Sudanese government, and advisor to the president's office; Ahmed Hussein Adam, Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) spokesperson, and Fouad Hikmat, the International Crisis Group's Horn of Africa project director.
This episode of Inside Story aired from Sunday, February 15, 2009 at 1730GMT and 2230GMT and is repeated at 0430GMT and 0830GMT on Monday.