There are concerns that many refugees who moved across the border during the
civil war will not be counted

A crucial census has started in Sudan. The census, the first since 1993, is a milestone in the 2005 peace deal that ended the country's north-south civil war.

It is a necessary first step before holding general elections next year and a referendum on the south's future in 2011. 
 
The census is also needed to determine ratios for power-sharing and wealth-sharing between the north and south during the current interim period.
 
The census, the first since 1993, is a milestone
in the 2005 peace deal
However, the census is being overshadowed by disputes that threaten to undermine the whole deal.
 
The Sudan People's Liberation Movement that governs the semi-autonomous southern Sudan, continue to express concerns about the conduct of the census and said it reserves the right to reject the results.

The movement is concerned that many of the hundreds of thousands of southerners who moved across the border during the civil war have not been able to return home and thus will not be counted.
 
So, what impact will the census have on the 2005 peace deal and the future of Sudan?
 
This episode of Inside Story aired on Wednesday, April 23, 2008
 

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Source: Al Jazeera