In February 2008, Kosovo's ethnic Albanian government declared independence from Serbia.
By December, some 50 countries recognised Kosovo but Serbia says this is something it will never accept.
Following the return in late 2007 of a handful of Serb families who fled during the 1999 war, the village of Berkovo is one of the few places in Kosovo where ethnic Serbs and Albanians live side by side as neighbours.
In Kosovo: A Year of Fear and Hope, Al Jazeera's Barnaby Phillips follows two families in Berkovo - one Albanian and one Serb - throughout this historic year.
The aim: to see what the prospects are of two communities living in peace in a land that has been divided for so long by hatred and war.
Watch Part Two:
Click here to read Barnaby Phillips' article on the making of Kosovo: A Year of Fear and Hope.
Source: Al Jazeera