[QODLink]
Crossroads Sudan
A question of identity
What will happen to the tribes who inhabit the border region if the south secedes?
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2011 13:28 GMT

As vote counting begins, the fate of Sudan's central region and its people remains in doubt. The Nuba tribe are set to become part of the north, but their allegiance remains with the south. While the Misseriya tribe in Abyei remain loyal to Khartoum, their status is still to be determined.

What happens between the tribes living in the border region of South Kordofan, which takes in Abyei and the Nuba mountains, could mean the difference between war and peace. 

They are literally caught in the middle and in the case of the Nuba, left in hostile territory. If the south secedes, the country's tribes and their ways of life are under threat.

The Nuba are a group of 50 or more ethnic African tribes, numbering around 3.7 million people. They mostly inhabit the mountainous regions but want to be a part of the south.

The nomadic Misseriya, are another key tribe made up of more than one million people. Along with the incredibly strong Dinka Ngok they claim the crucial region of Abyei.
 
In recent months up to 55,000 soldiers have reportedly been sent to the area. It was supposed to have reduced arms stockpiles to less than 1,000 under the terms of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement.  

The key to avoiding further bloodshed hangs largely on peace-building in the regions inhabited by the tribes, but there are already signs of trouble. 

On this episode of Crossroads Sudan we take a walk through the country's volatile border regions with the ancient Nuba tribe, we find proof that former fighters have not laid down their arms, and the UN tells us what they are doing to ease the tensions.

Crossroads Sudan can be seen from Monday, January 17, at 1730GMT, with repeats airing on Tuesday at 0030GMT, 0530GMT and 1130GMT.

Source:
Al Jazeera
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
Italy struggles to deal with growing flood of migrants willing to risk their lives to reach the nearest European shores.
Israel's Operation Protective Edge is the third major offensive on the Gaza Strip in six years.
Muslims and Arabs in the US say they face discrimination in many areas of life, 13 years after the 9/11 attacks.
At one UN site alone, approximately four children below the age of five are dying each day.
Featured
The Khmer Rouge tribunal is set to hear genocide charges for targeting ethnic Vietnamese and Cham Muslims.
'I'm dying anyway, one piece at a time' said Steve Fobister, who suffers from disabilities caused by mercury poisoning.
The world's newest professional sport comes from an unlikely source: video games.
The group's takeover of farms in Qaraqosh, 30km from Mosul, has caused fear among residents, and a jump in food prices.
Protests and online activism in recent months have brought a resurgence of ethnic Oromo nationalism in Ethiopia.
join our mailing list