Every year, 3000 Tibetan refugees risk death from the weather and border guards as they flee China across snow covered passes in the Himalayas to Nepal.
Many stay in Nepal or are escorted on to India where the Dalai Lama has his government in exile.
China does not recognise these people as refugees and Nepal has not signed the international refugee convention and has no domestic laws governing their treatment.
So Tibet's refugees live an uncertain life trapped between the two Asian superpowers, China and India.
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This episode of 101 East first aired in January 2008.
Source: Al Jazeera