We track four people on their journey.
We speak to Israeli Deputy FM Tzipi Hotovely
07 Aug 2011 15:47 GMT
As the closest European country to the African continent, Spain is on the frontline for illegal migration [GALLO/GETTY]
Many Africans are risking their lives crossing the sea to Europe in overcrowded, small boats, often arranged by human smugglers [GALLO/GETTY]
Spain(***)s enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla in northern Morocco are initial targets for many migrants: once detained they can be expelled, repatriated or sent to mainland Spain, where many are reported to be released, pending expulsion[GALLO/GETTY]
In 2006 Spain received almost half of the EU(***)s total migrants [GALLO/GETTY]
Spain is struggling to accommodate immigrants from Africa and has asked the European Union for an increase in funds to secure its borders [GALLO/GETTY]
France has a stricter approach to immigration than other European countries and has even offered legal immigrants financial incentives to go back to Africa [GALLO/GETTY]
According to UNHCR Spain received the most asylum applications from Cuba, followed by Nigeria, Algeria, Guinea and Cameroon in 2010 [GALLO/GETTY]
Spain has tried to forge broad bilateral accords with African countries that would exchange repatriation for funding to help the returned migrants, but the initiative has been criticised [GALLO/GETTY]
For many migrants in search for a better life in Europe, reality often turns out to be a disappointment [GALLO/GETTY]
Many migrants live and work in detention centres for months, waiting for their residence permits [GALLO/GETTY]
The EU has been criticised by groups such as the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) for the EU refugee policy being so strict that it creates a "fortress Europe" barricading itself against people in need [GALLO/GETTY]
Having migrated, many migrants are expected to send money home to the family they have left behind [GALLO/GETTY]
The responsibility to earn money and send it back home is a heavy burden for African migrants in Europe struggling to find a job [GALLO/GETTY]
Cubans get amnesty at the US border, but reaching it involves a risky journey along the Central American migrant trail.
Human Rights, Latin America, Cuba
In many ways, Michael is just like any other 11-year-old, but he has had four open heart surgeries.
Health, US & Canada
Follow a dancer through the exhaustion and jubilation of Peru's days-long Virgin of Candelaria festival.
Arts & Culture, Latin America, Peru
South Korea has more alcoholics than any other country, but it seems unlikely to quit the drink any time soon.
Health, South Korea, Asia Pacific
We follow the journey of a plastic bottle to find out what it takes to truly recycle the product creating zero waste.
Science & Technology, US & Canada, Environment
A couple working to protect LA communities from gang violence is caught in the crossfire of the US war on gangs.
Politics, Gang violence, US
We taste an array of foods that played a crucial part in integrating Muslim and Jewish communities into British society.
Arts & Culture, United Kingdom, Food
South Koreans drink twice as much liquor as Russians, but is this national obsession with alcohol reversible?
Health, Asia, South Korea