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Behind the scenes with Occupy Central
07 Aug 2011 15:47 GMT
As the closest European country to the African continent, Spain is on the frontline for illegal migration [GALLO/GETTY]
Many Africans are risking their lives crossing the sea to Europe in overcrowded, small boats, often arranged by human smugglers [GALLO/GETTY]
Spain(***)s enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla in northern Morocco are initial targets for many migrants: once detained they can be expelled, repatriated or sent to mainland Spain, where many are reported to be released, pending expulsion[GALLO/GETTY]
In 2006 Spain received almost half of the EU(***)s total migrants [GALLO/GETTY]
Spain is struggling to accommodate immigrants from Africa and has asked the European Union for an increase in funds to secure its borders [GALLO/GETTY]
France has a stricter approach to immigration than other European countries and has even offered legal immigrants financial incentives to go back to Africa [GALLO/GETTY]
According to UNHCR Spain received the most asylum applications from Cuba, followed by Nigeria, Algeria, Guinea and Cameroon in 2010 [GALLO/GETTY]
Spain has tried to forge broad bilateral accords with African countries that would exchange repatriation for funding to help the returned migrants, but the initiative has been criticised [GALLO/GETTY]
For many migrants in search for a better life in Europe, reality often turns out to be a disappointment [GALLO/GETTY]
Many migrants live and work in detention centres for months, waiting for their residence permits [GALLO/GETTY]
The EU has been criticised by groups such as the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) for the EU refugee policy being so strict that it creates a "fortress Europe" barricading itself against people in need [GALLO/GETTY]
Having migrated, many migrants are expected to send money home to the family they have left behind [GALLO/GETTY]
The responsibility to earn money and send it back home is a heavy burden for African migrants in Europe struggling to find a job [GALLO/GETTY]
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