Our special coverage of the closest race for years
Explore the personal stories of Syrian refugees in Lebanon
09 Aug 2011 14:37 GMT
After years of war, South Sudan is celebrating independence, but the mood is very different in the disputed state of South Kordofan [John D McHugh]
Southern Kordofan lies on the border between the north and South Sudan [John D McHugh]
The border state is strategically and geographically important and has significant reserves of oil [John D McHugh]
Last year the regime of Omar al-Bashir launched an offensive against rebel forces in the area despite the presence of UN peace keepers [John D McHugh]
Fleeing civilians are telling stories of enforced migration, mass executions, families hiding in caves and the indiscriminent bombing of civilian areas by the armed forces of the Khartoum government [John D McHugh]
The Nuba mountains in the heart of Southern Kordofan are home to the Nuba people [John D McHugh]
Religiously mixed, Christian, Muslim and Animist, they have been historically discriminated against by the Arabic regime in Khartoum [John D McHugh]
But many fear this latest campaign is already taking on the character of brutal ethnic cleansing of the resource rich area [John D McHugh]
In the 1990s hundreds of thousands died in a merciless campaign of terror by the government [John D McHugh]
Partly as a result, the Nuba people from that region supported John Garang(***)s Sudan People(***)s Liberation Army (SPLA) in its long civil war with Khartoum, becoming some of his most loyal and affective fighters [John D McHugh]
Once a respected commander in the SPLA under John Garang, Abdel Aziz and his Nuban forces were central to Garang(***)s partial victory in the long and bitter civil war with Khartoum [John D McHugh]
Today, Abdel Aziz and his SPLA rebels in South Kordofan are fighting for a new, restructured central government in Khartoum [John D McHugh]
The Khartoum government is determined to crush any resistance to its rule in the region [John D McHugh]
The area has been declared a no-fly zone and government jet fighters patrol the sky [John D McHugh]
The planes bring in aid and depart with displaced passengers [John D McHugh]
The missiles fired from jet fighters are not the only weapons used against civilians [John D McHugh]
Khartoum(***)s armed forces also use bombs, dropped from Antonov transport planes [John D McHugh]
In South Kordofan(***)s only operating hospital there are many victims of the bombings [John D McHugh]
Large numbers of children have been injured in the attacks and most medical staff were evacuated when the bombings began [John D McHugh]
A 15-year-old girl sustained a serious brain injury [John D McHugh]
While Juba is celebrating independence, the war in South Kordofan is going on - and the determined Nuba fighters under Aziz(***)s control continue to fight against the superior forces of Khartoum(***)s SAF [John D McHugh]
Recent court ruling finds police unit not guilty of rounding up and executing 42 Muslim men during 1987 communal riots.
Human Rights, India, Asia
Nigerians are flooding home for Saturday's vote, but fears of violence grow amid the too-close-to-call election.
Nigeria Decides, Nigeria, Africa
More than 800 people were killed and 65,000 displaced in religion-based election violence in 2011 in the central city.
Nigeria Decides, Nigeria, Goodluck Jonathan
More than 100 people were gunned down in Maidan Square a year ago, but investigations have failed to bring prosecutions.
Human Rights, Politics, War & Conflict
It is a source of sustenance but also of tension and new political realities are now increasing uncertainty.
Egypt, Sudan, Middle East
A media post-mortem into the UK's surveillance report. Plus, why five years on in Argentina the media looks so familiar.
Media, Edward Snowden, Security
The untold story of how the Lebanese community overcame the odds and found their place in multicultural Australia.
Asia Pacific, Australia, Lebanon
How to keep a telenovela profitable and demanding sponsors happy while inspiring the production team to stay passionate.
Arts & Culture, Mexico, Latin America