Middle East

Fierce Syria clashes spark exodus to Lebanon

Fighting in strategic Qalamoun area forces thousands to brave harsh weather and flee across border into Lebanon.

Last updated: 17 Nov 2013 14:39
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback

Syrian forces have launched a fierce offensive in the rebel-held Qalamoun hills forcing thousands of people to flee to neighbouring Lebanon, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights has said. 

Military air strikes hit the town of Qara, in the strategic Qalamoun region on Sunday, in an attempt to cut rebel supply lines to Damascus, the UK-based monitoring group, said. 

"Regime troops are trying to storm [Qara] and drive the rebels out," said Rami Abdel Rahman, human rights director for the group, adding that warplanes had bombarded the town heavily on Saturday as well.

Pro-government newspaper, al-Watan, also reported the attacks, describing the army as "closing in" on rebel fighters around the town.

Al Jazeera's Zeina Khodr, reporting from Arsal in Lebanon, said at least a thousand families had fled across the border over the past two days alone.

Our correspondent said activists were describing the fighting in Qara as the first step in a larger battle for Qalamoun, a strategic and logistical hub for Syrian rebels. 

Controlling the region makes it easier to assert control over movement down the length of Syria.

Desperate refugees

The battle for Qalamoun may be the final blow that dislodges rebels from the Damascus periphery, where food is running short and opposition fighters have lost a series of strongholds in recent weeks to forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar Assad.

The UN confirmed on Sunday that thousands of refugees were fleeing across the border amid icy winter conditions into Lebanon from Central Syria, mainly the border town of Arsal.

Dana Sleiman of the UNHCR said some families were in such a hurry that they could not collect any belongings before they fled, arriving "without anything except the clothes on their backs," she said.

Bassel Hojeiri, the former mayor of Arsal, said that the refugees packed into wedding halls and makeshift shacks.

At least 10,000 people have fled to Arsal during the past three years of the Syrian conflict causing the population to nearly double, said Hojeiri. 

After 32 months of the conflict,  the fighting between Assad's troops and anti-govenment rebels has settled into a stalemate in which scores of people are killed every day.

More than 120,000 people have been killed, according to the UN and opposition activists, and more than two million people have fled to neighbouring countries.


Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
Muslim volunteers face questioning and threat of arrest, while aid has been disrupted or blocked, charities say.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
ISIL combatants seeking an 'exit strategy' from Mideast conflict need positive reinforcement back home, analysts say.
European nation hit by a wave of Islamophobia as many young fighters join ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
Lacking cohesive local ground forces to attack in tandem, coalition air strikes will have limited effect, experts say.
Hindu right-wing groups run campaign against what they say is Muslim conspiracy to convert Hindu girls into Islam.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
Muslim caretakers maintain three synagogues in eastern Indian city, which was once home to a thriving Jewish community.
Amid fresh ISIL gains, officials in Anbar province have urged the Iraqi government to request foreign ground troops.