Middle East

Syria back online after internet blackout

Activists and watchdogs blame Assad regime as internet in war-torn nation resumes after two days without service.

Last Modified: 08 May 2013 20:57
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
Citizen journalists have relied on the internet to show the world what is happening inside Syria [AP]

Syria's internet and phone service has resumed in the war-torn nation after a two-day blackout left much of the country cut off.

The blackout, which ended on Wednesday, was blamed by state media on a technical fault, but activists and a watchdog accused the regime of deliberating cutting the connection to shield military operations.

Communication networks had been crucial for opposition activists trying to get out videos and information on the two-year conflict that has killed more than 70,000 people.

Data from Google, Akamai Technologies and Renesys, a US firm that tracks global web traffic, showed that internet traffic started flowing to and from Syria shortly 1400 GMT on Wednesday, after stopping just before 1900 GMT on Tuesday.

"Everything looks the same as before the internet came down," said Jim Cowie, chief technology officer at Renesys.

Syrian state news agency SANA quoted the director general of the General Establishment for Communications, Bakr Bakr, as saying internet services and communication between provinces had gone down because of a malfunction in an optic cable.

'Security operation'

But the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a British-based group that monitors President Bashar al-Assad's security forces and the rebels, cited military sources who said that the blackout was part of a security force operation.

Assad's forces have often shut down telephone and internet connections in some cities or neighbourhoods during major combat operations.

Opposition activists alleged they did the same during alleged massacres that killed hundreds of people.

Most recently, communications appeared to have been cut in the coastal towns of Banias and Baida during what activists said were widespread executions that killed hundreds of people, including dozens of children.

The latest outage demonstrated the fragile nature of global internet connections.

In Syria, the system of internet providers is centralised, meaning a single point of failure could bring down all connections, Cowie said.


Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
Muslim volunteers face questioning and threat of arrest, while aid has been disrupted or blocked, charities say.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
ISIL combatants seeking an 'exit strategy' from Mideast conflict need positive reinforcement back home, analysts say.
European nation hit by a wave of Islamophobia as many young fighters join ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
Lack of child protection laws means abandoned and orphaned kids rely heavily on the care of strangers.
At least 25 tax collectors have been killed since 2012 in Mogadishu, a city awash in weapons and abject poverty.
Since she was 16-years-old, Scottish Nationalist Party's Sturgeon has strove for independence from the UK.
Armed group's ransom success with German hostages marks a re-emergence, as authorities investigate ISIL links.
Western nations are moving into the resource-rich country after decades of disinterest, challenging China's interests.