[QODLink]
Middle East
Egyptians go back to polls to elect president
Egypt resumes its first free presidential election after voting passed off calmly on the first day.
Last Modified: 24 May 2012 03:11

Egypt is set to resume its first free presidential election after voting passed off calmly on the first day apart from a stone-throwing attack on candidate Ahmed Shafiq, who was premier for a few days before Hosni Mubarak fell.

The race broadly pits religious conservative candidates against secular ones like Shafiq and Amr Moussa, the former Arab League chief who previously served as Mubarak's foreign minister.

Long queues formed at polling stations early on Wednesday, and some were packed late into the evening. But turnout, so far, seemed lower than an earlier parliamentary vote when conservatives swept up most seats. The scorching sun deterred some.

"I'll vote on Thursday to avoid the crowds. I'm backing Amr Moussa. He knows the country and has the experience. I chose the Muslim Brotherhood's party in the parliamentary election but we didn't get anything from them," said 57-year-old Fouad Mahmoud.

Thirteen candidates are running to succeed Mubarak, whose government was brought down by mass protests in 2011 after 30 years of authoritarian rule.

They range from socialists to secular liberals to conservatives, and opinion polls indicate the race remains a toss-up.

In Cairo, polling stations opened around 8am local time on Wednesday and lines could be seen snaking down sidewalks in the city centre.

Elsewhere in the capital, observers reported less interest and only a moderate amount of voters, which some explained as a result of the two days available for voting or the fact that workers had not left their offices yet.

Al Jazeera's Mike Hanna said there was a high turnout at polling stations in Cairo, where many people said they had come to vote early to avoid the blistering heat expected later in the day.

The election is the final phase of a tumultuous transition marred by violence, protests and political deadlock, overseen by the ruling Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) after last year's revolution.

South of Cairo's city centre, in working-class neighbourhoods such as Ain Sira and Abu Seoud, monitors from the campaigns of Mohammed Morsi, the Muslim Brotherhood candidate, and Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh, a former Brotherhood activist, were also observing the vote.

Differing opinions

Campaigning outside polling places, which is illegal but was common during parliamentary elections last autumn and winter, seemed to have disappeared.

Outside a primary school polling place in Ain Sira, 29-year-old Ahmed Ali, who works as a driver for a petrol company, said he had voted for Morsi.

"I don’t know him personally, but I know him through the Brotherhood," he said. "They are very organised people, and his background is moderate."

Yasser Shehata Mohammed, a 48-year-old electrical engineer who organised Morsi’s campaign in the neighbourhood, said he expected the candidate to receive fewer votes than their parliamentarians did last year.

"There are strong competitors and the media coverage played a big role," he said.

Mohammed studied under Aboul Fotouh when he led the Brotherhood’s efforts in the area, and he respects him, but Mohammed said Morsi has an organisation behind him, while Aboul Fotouh has personal appeal.

In the northern coastal city of Alexandria, lines of voters began forming under the warm Mediterranean sun more than an hour before polls opened in some places.

High female-voter turnout

Jamal Elshayyal, reporting from a voting station in the Mediterranean city where a few hundred women had lined up, said there was a "huge euphoria as people are finally getting to choose who will rule the country."

"I’m so excited," said Mounira Fawzi, 21 as she waited outside the Mohamed Korriam School in the upscale Smouha area.
 
"This is the first time I get to vote for president since the revolution. Hopefully we will get someone who can fix the country. God willing after the elections democracy will come to Egypt." 


Minutes later Fawzi emerged from the polling station, the pinky finger on her right hand dyed in purple ink.
 
"I feel freedom," she said, her body shaking with excitement. "For the first time my voice and opinion really counts."
 
The mood was present across town in Moharram Bek. People lined the narrow streets as Alexandria’s unique yellow and black taxis flooded the streets.
 
By midday there were few complaints from voters in Alexandria.
 
Across town, representatives of the different could be found in most polling stations to make monitor the vote and report any irregularities.
 
"Everything is going fine," said Hamdy Abdel Salman, a representative for Morsi’s campaign at a voting station in Moharram Bek.
 
"At first people were complaining about the long lines, but the organization is getting better as the day goes on."

Security issues

Another issue which many voters will consider when choosing their candidate is security, Al Jazeera's Rawya Rageh said from the Red Sea port city of Suez.

"In the past 15 months after the revolution, security has been a top concern for Egyptians," she said.

"There has been lawlessness, all sorts of reports of kidnappings, car jackings, home invasions - the kind of violence this country was never used to."

Our correspondent said questions had been raised "whether the police force, which was discredited during the 18-day revolution, is unable, or simply unwilling, to handle security in the country".

The SCAF has called on Egyptians to turn out en masse to the polls, while warning against any "violation".

"The participation of citizens in the presidential election is the best guarantee of the transparency and security of the electoral process," Mohammed al-Assar, a SCAF member, was quoted as saying by state news agency MENA.

The SCAF has pledged to hand power to civilian rule by the end of June, after a president is elected, but many fear its retreat will be just an illusion.

The army, with its vast and opaque economic power, wants to keep its budget a secret by remaining exempt from parliamentary scrutiny, maintain control of military-related legislation and secure immunity from prosecution.

The election comes less than two weeks before a court is expected to issue a verdict in the trial of Mubarak, 84, tried on charges of complicity in the killing of about 900 protesters during the uprising against his 29-year rule.

He also faces corruption charges, along with his two sons, Gamal and Alaa.

Source:
Al Jazeera
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
Muslim volunteers face questioning and threat of arrest, while aid has been disrupted or blocked, charities say.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
ISIL combatants seeking an 'exit strategy' from Mideast conflict need positive reinforcement back home, analysts say.
European nation hit by a wave of Islamophobia as many young fighters join ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
Featured
Lacking cohesive local ground forces to attack in tandem, coalition air strikes will have limited effect, experts say.
Hindu right-wing groups run campaign against what they say is Muslim conspiracy to convert Hindu girls into Islam.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
Muslim caretakers maintain three synagogues in eastern Indian city, which was once home to a thriving Jewish community.
Amid fresh ISIL gains, officials in Anbar province have urged the Iraqi government to request foreign ground troops.