Middle East
Syria intensifies crackdown on protests
Tunisia recalls its ambassador to Syria as security forces arrest dozens in Damascus and open fire in other main cities.
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2011 21:09

Syria has dramatically escalated its crackdown on protesters with a wave of arrests in Damascus and raids in other flashpoint cities.

Security forces in the capital raided homes and shops on Wednesday and arrested dozens of activists in Rukn Eddin district, known to be a predominantly Kurdish area, where electricity was cut off.

Scores of others were arrested on the outskirts of the capital, activists said. By late Wednesday, a Syrian human rights group said ten protesters were killed and dozens injured in Homs. According to activists, security forces opened fire on Latakia, Aleppo, Hama, and Homs.

Tunisia on Wednesday recalled its ambassador to Syria because of "dangerous'' developments.

Al Jazeera's Nisreen El-Shemayleh, reporting from Ramtha, on the Syria-Jordan border, said large protests gathered in two Palestinian refugee camps to decry the shelling of al-Ramel refugee camp in Latakia by government gunships.

State claims

Syrian state media claimed earlier on Wednesday that security forces had withdrawn from the city of Deir ez-Zor and areas of Latakia, but witnesses have rejected the reports.

Convoys of army vehicles were seen leaving Deir ez-Zor after the military cleared the area of "armed terrorist gangs", the state-run news agency SANA reported. Footage showed pictures of crowds chanting and cheering as the soldiers left.

But on Wednesday, Ahmet Davutoglu, the Turkish foreign minister, said Syrian troops were still in the city.

"We stress the necessity that the army withdraws and ends the military campaign. I can confirm that Deir ez-Zor is still witnessing problems and the army is in Deir ez-Zor and other towns," he said, speaking at a news conference in Istanbul with his Jordanian counterpart Nasser Judeh.

Witnesses on the ground also disputed the government's announcements.

Activists also told Al Jazeera that gunfire was heard near the city's Freedom Square after Ramadan prayers on Tuesday night, where two people were reported to be killed.

Residents said tanks were still present at the outskirts of Deir ez-Zor and that troops raided houses looking for dissidents. Activists said at least 32 people have died since troops seized control of the city last Wednesday.

Assad, however, issued a hardline message, telling ruling Baath Party officials: "Reform in Syria springs from conviction... and not in response to any outside pressures.

The state news agency quoted him as saying Syria was being targeted "to weaken its role in the resistance (to Israel) and in defending legitimate Arab rights".

'End' of operation

Meanwhile, Syria's interior ministry said security forces had completed their operation in the al-Ramel al-Janoubi neighbourhood of the coastal city of Latakia, which had been subjected to a four-day assault that activists said has left at least 36 people dead.

SANA reported reported Brigadier General Mohammad Hassan al-Ali as saying the al-Ramel camp, which houses a large population of Palestinian refugees, "is recovering and the citizens are practising their normal life that was spoiled by the acts of the terrorist groups".

But Al Jazeera's Shamayleh reported conflicting accounts.

"Activists told us that on Tuesday night and early on Wednesday morning, specifically at 8am local time on Wednesday, heavy gunfire was heard across neighbourhoods in Latakia and that two Palestinians were killed on Tuesday night," said Shamayleh.

Syrian troops 'withdraw' from eastern city

The Syrian Observatory of Human Rights (SOHR) told the AFP news service that more than 700 security troops took part in the operation in the southern district of Ramel, arresting people on lists.

"Heavy gunfire continued in most opposition neighbourhoods," the group said.

In Jabal al-Zawya, a village in Idlib province near the border with Turkey, security forces shot dead a man standing on his balcony, the SOHR told AFP.

International response

With tension rising, the UN said it has temporarily withdrawn about two dozen "nonessential" international staff from Syria because of security concerns.

UN deputy spokesman Farhan Haq also said some family members of UN staff have been relocated to other countries.

On Wednesday, Switzerland widened sanctions against the Syrian government, adding 12 more individuals to a  list of officials under financial embargo and travel restriction, the AFP reported.

Western diplomats said the UN's top human rights body is likely to hold an urgent meeting next week to discuss the escalating crackdown in Syria, according to the Associated Press.

In-depth coverage of escalating violence across Syria

Syria's key regional ally Iran warned on Tuesday that any Western intervention in the "internal affairs" of Damascus would stoke "public hatred" in the region. 

The crackdown in Syria has escalated since the beginning of the fasting month of Ramadan, when nightly prayers became the occasion for more protests against President Bashar al-Assad and 41 years of Baathist rule.

Al Jazeera and agencies
Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
An innovative rehabilitation programme offers Danish fighters in Syria an escape route and help without prosecution.
Street tension between radical Muslims and Holland's hard right rises, as Islamic State anxiety grows.
Take an immersive look at the challenges facing the war-torn country as US troops begin their withdrawal.
Ministers and MPs caught on camera sleeping through important speeches have sparked criticism that they are not working.
More than 400 gaming dens operate on native lands, but critics say social ills and inequality stack the deck.
The Palestinian president is expected to address the UN with a new proposal for the creation of a Palestinian state.
Nearly 1,200 aboriginal females have been killed or disappeared over 30 years with little justice served, critics say.
Ethnic violence has wracked China's restive Xinjiang region, leading to a tight government clampdown.
Malay artists revitalise the art of puppeteering by fusing tradition with modern characters such as Darth Vader.