[QODLink]
Middle East
Syrian prisoners 'disappeared'
Two years after unrest in Saydnaya jail, relatives of 52 inmates await news of their fate.
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2010 04:05 GMT
Syrian security forces were sent to the Saydnaya  prison during unrest in 2008 [File: GALLO/GETTY]

At least 52 prisoners have disappeared from a Syrian jail following disturbances in 2008 that left 22 people dead, human rights groups have said.

Families of the missing men say they have not been heard of since violence broke out at the Saydnaya Military Prison on July 5, 2008.

On the second anniversary of the violence, 18 of the missing prisoners now meet the international legal criteria of having been victims of "enforced disappearance", according to human rights groups, and questions remain over the fate of dozens more.

The Syrian government refuses to say what has happened to the missing or speak about the incident, which was apparently triggered by guards throwing prisoners' copies of the Quran on the floor.

Syrian human rights organisations say that on the day of the disturbances, security forces were sent to the prison, and now fear that many of the missing men could have been killed in ensuing violence.

Ambulances were seen heading from the prison to a military hospital later that day, and the hospital was closed to the public for several weeks after the incident, leaving families unsure whether their relatives had survived.  

Families ignored

The families have repeatedly been blocked from discovering what happened to their relatives, prompting fears that their deaths are being covered up by Syrian security forces.

One of the prisoners, Basel Madarati, was due for release in January after serving a five year sentence, but never appeared.

"I am a human being and I have the right to demand the disclosure of my son's whereabouts"

Prisoner's father

Following the violence at the prison, his father had been told that he was not allowed to visit his son, and then that he had been transferred out of the prison to face interrogation at a military intelligence complex in Damascus.

But when his father went to the complex, he was threatened with arrest if he returned to the site.

"I am a human being and I have the right to demand the disclosure of my son's whereabouts," he said, adding that other prisoners released from Saydnaya have told him that Basel was killed in the unrest.

Nizar Ristnawi, a prominent human rights activist who was serving a four year sentence at Saydnaya for "spreading false news" when the violence broke out, has also disappeared. 

More than a year has passed since he was due to be released.

The UN working group on arbitary detention has criticised his imprisonment and called on the Syrian government to "take the necessary steps to remedy his situation".

The families of the missing men have sent letters and petitions to Bashar al-Assad, the Syrian president, asking to know what has happened to their relatives, but have received no response.

One group of 17 mothers whose sons were held in the prison penned a joint letter asking for information after they heard rumours of secret night-time burials taking place in the town of Qatana.

Difficult case

There are reports that former Saydnaya detainees have been threatened with arrest if they discuss the fate of missing men, and they have refused to talk to the families or human rights groups working on the case.

Human rights lawyers say that even by Syrian standards, the case of the missing prisoners is one of the most challenging they have worked on.

"As lawyers and activists we have not confronted a situation that is more difficult than the Saydnaya events," one lawyer, who wished to remain anonymous, told the human rights group Amnesty International.

"It is a collective case that affects hundred of people and includes dead victims, which is different from the usual cases of arrest and detention."

"We can't access information no matter how trivial it may be, neither from the authorities who are reticent on the events despite the passing of time, nor from the prisoners who were later released and refuse to tell us anything out of fear of re-arrest."

Syria has long been linked with the enforced disappearance of prisoners. The fate of thousands of prisoners captured over the years remains unknown, prompting condemnation from Syrian and international human rights groups.

Syrian officials contacted by Al Jazeera declined to comment on the allegations.

Source:
Al Jazeera
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
At least 25 tax collectors have been killed since 2012 in Mogadishu, a city awash in weapons and abject poverty.
Tokyo government claims its homeless population has hit a record low, but analysts - and the homeless - beg to differ.
3D printers can cheaply construct homes and could soon be deployed to help victims of catastrophe rebuild their lives.
Lack of child protection laws means abandoned and orphaned kids rely heavily on the care of strangers.
Featured
Booming global trade in 50-million-year-old amber stones is lucrative, controversial, and extremely dangerous.
Legendary Native-American High Bird was trained in ancient warrior traditions, which he employed in World War II.
Hounded opposition figure says he's hoping for the best at sodomy appeal but prepared to return to prison.
Fears of rising Islamophobia and racial profiling after two soldiers killed in separate incidents.
Group's culture of summary justice is back in Northern Ireland's spotlight after new sexual assault accusations.