[QODLink]
Middle East
Synagogue opens in Jerusalem
Rebuilt Hurva opens its doors as Israeli troops injure Palestinians in West Bank clash.
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2010 03:23 GMT
The Hurva synagogue was reopened officially on Monday after five years of reconstruction [AFP]

Israel has stepped up security in occupied Jerusalem amid the reopening of what many Jews consider as one of the most important places of worship.

The rebuilt Hurva synagogue opened its doors in Jerusalem's Old City for the first time in more than 60 years on Monday.

The synagogue, first built in 1694, was first destroyed in 1721 and then demolished during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.

The walled Old City is at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which makes the reopening of the synagogue controversial.

Al-Aqsa, Islam's third holiest site, and the Hurva are about just 700 metres apart.

The ceremony was attended by Reuven Rivlin, the Israeli parliament speaker, ministers and the country's chief rabbis.

In a video message to the ceremony, where Israeli politicians and chief rabbis were in attendance, Binyamin Netanyahu, the prime minister, said the Hurva brought a message of coexistence.

"We permit believers of other faiths to conserve their places of  worship. We proudly protect our heritage, while at the same time  allowing others freedom of religion," he said.

Palestinian condemnation

Khaled Meshaal, the exiled leader of Hamas which rules the Gaza Strip, denounced the synagogue's opening.

in depth

 

  Jerusalem's religious heart

"We warn against this action by the Zionist enemy to rebuild and dedicate the Hurva synagogue. It signifies the destruction of al-Aqsa mosque and the building of the temple," he said from the Syrian capital, Damascus.

The al-Aqsa site is revered by Muslims as al-Haram al-Sharif (the Noble Sanctuary), comprising al-Aqsa mosque and the Dome of the Rock. It is known to Jews as the Temple Mount.

In a statement, issued at a meeting of leaders of Palestinian groups, Meshaal called the ceremony "a falsification of history and Jerusalem's religious and historic monuments".

"Israel is playing with fire and touching off the first spark to make the region explode," he said.

Earlier, Hatem Abdel Qader, the official in charge of Jerusalem affairs for Fatah, the party led by Mahmoud Abbas, the Palestinian president, said: "This is no mere synagogue.

"This synagogue will be a prelude to violence and religious fanaticism and extremism, and this is not limited to Jewish extremists but includes members of the Israeli government."

'Tense situation'

Al Jazeera's Sherine Tadros, reporting from the Hurva inauguration ceremony, said thousands of police and border guards were deployed across the Old City.

in depth

  Video: Israel pursues settlement growth
  Israel's East Jerusalem housing plan
  Video: Israel's settlement subsidy policy
  Riz Khan: The Middle East peace process
  Video: Israelis protest settlement freeze
  Settlements strain US-Israel ties
  Q&A: Jewish settlements

"Certainly the situation is tense here," she said.

"We are about 350 metres from al-Haram al-Sharif, one of Islam's holiest sites, and the towering presence of the Hurva synagogue has been called a provocation by Palestinian leaders and religious figures."

An Israeli government decision to include two West Bank religious sites in a Jewish national heritage plan has already angered Palestinians and raised tensions in recent weeks.

The announcement last week of Israeli plans for new settler homes near East Jerusalem has also contributed to the unrest.

Against this backdrop of tensions, Israeli soldiers injured 10 Palestinians on Monday in clashes with dozens of students hurling stones at a West Bank checkpoint, Palestinian medics and witnesses said.

"We have received six people, two of them wounded by live bullets, one in the stomach and the other in the neck," Mohammed Eida, the director of Ramallah area hospitals, told the AFP news agency.

Rocks thrown

The Palestinians had marched to the checkpoint from the nearby Birzeit University. Several of them threw rocks at the soldiers.

An Israeli military spokesperson said security forces responded by using riot-dispersal means and that there was no live fire.

Citing security concerns, Israel imposed a temporary closure of the West Bank on Friday.

Palestinians who do not carry Jerusalem residency have been banned from crossing into the city from the West Bank until Tuesday.

Men under the age of 50 have also been denied entry to al-Aqsa in the Old City since Friday.

Source:
Al Jazeera and agencies
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
Italy struggles to deal with growing flood of migrants willing to risk their lives to reach the nearest European shores.
Israel's Operation Protective Edge is the third major offensive on the Gaza Strip in six years.
Muslims and Arabs in the US say they face discrimination in many areas of life, 13 years after the 9/11 attacks.
At one UN site alone, approximately four children below the age of five are dying each day.
Featured
The world's newest professional sport comes from an unlikely source: video games.
The group's takeover of farms in Qaraqosh, 30km from Mosul, has caused fear among residents, and a jump in food prices.
Protests and online activism in recent months have brought a resurgence of ethnic Oromo nationalism in Ethiopia.
Chemotherapy is big business, but some US doctors say it could be overused and are pushing for cheaper and better care.
Amid vote audit and horse-trading, politicians of all hues agree a compromise is needed to avoid political instability.
join our mailing list